Chemistry Syllabus Class 12 2022 To 2023

What is the most important chapter in chemistry class 12 2023?

Key Highlights of CBSE Chemistry Important Topics for Board Exam 2023 – Organic chemistry is the most important topic for CBSE Class 12 Chemistry exam. It also comes in handy during the JEE and NEET preparation and higher studies. Organic chemistry is complex but becomes very easy with constant practice.

  1. D & f-block elements are also important chapters, but unlike organic chemistry, they aren’t so easy to master.
  2. It’s necessary for students to solve previous year’s papers, sample papers and important questions to get an idea of the difficulty level of questions and how best to attempt them.
  3. We have covered important questions for class 12 Chemistry for all chapters in the following section.

Related: CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Sample Paper 2022-23

Which is the easiest chapter in chemistry class 12?

Easiest Chapters for CBSE 12th Board Chemistry Chemistry is the most complex subject for 12th board students. Memorizing a bunch of chemical reactions can be mind numbing at times.To simplify this difficult subject, you can start with the Easiest Chapters for CBSE 12th Boards Chemistry The best approach to cover a difficult subject like Chemistry is to complete the easiest chapters first and gradually proceed to the toughest ones.

  • How to Prepare 12th Chemistry? To secure good marks in CBSE 12th Board Chemistry, students can cover easiest chapters first that include Biomolecules, Solutions,Chemistry in Everyday LIfe and Polymers.
  • Easiest Chapters in 12th Chemistry If you rate chapter on Biomolecules, it can be ranked lowest in difficulty level.

Students need to cover properties and functions of various chemical compounds. What to Cover in Biomolecules? This chapter is practical-oriented hence enhances 12th students’ chances of fetching the highest score. As it is related to real life students can cover it easily.

Chemistry in Everyday Life Topics Polymers is another easy chapter in CBSE 12th Board Chemistry. It covers topics on biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers that students find simple. Important Topics in Polymers This chapter basically deals with the concept of solutions and their characteristics.

Understanding concepts is comparatively easier compared to other chapters. Important Topics in Solutions chapter To get a good grip of Chemistry, refer to the following:1. Modern’s ABC of Chemistry2. CBSE Chapterwise Solutions 3.Concise Inorganic Chemistry 5th Edition CBSE 12th Board Chemistry References : Easiest Chapters for CBSE 12th Board Chemistry

What is electrochemistry class 12?

Electrochemistry is the study of production of electricity from energy released during spontaneous chemical reactions and the use of electrical energy to bring about non-spontaneous chemical transformations. The subject is of importance both for theoretical and practical considerations.

What is chemical kinetics class 12?

Chemical Kinetics – (Kinesis: Movement) The branch of chemistry which deals with the study of the rates of chemical reactions, the factors affecting the rates of the reactions and the mechanism by which the reactions proceed is called Chemical Kinetics.

Which chapter of class 12 chemistry is the toughest?

Inorganic Chemistry – This is considered to be a difficult part of class 12 chemistry. Students must memorize the periodic table and know about the properties of p-Block, d-Block and f-Block elements. The questions asked in the exams are mostly from the, thus students must practice the exercise problems of the chapters. Inorganic chemistry is asked for 19 marks in the paper.

Unit No. Topic Name Marks
Unit V General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements 19
Unit VI p -Block Elements
Unit VI d -and f -Block Elements
Unit VII Coordination Compounds

With the help of the short notes and adequate revisions, students will be able to handle inorganic chemistry easily.

Which is the hardest subject in class 12?

CBSE Class 12 Physics Sample Paper: – Physics is one of the toughest subjects that a student prepares for the board exam. With its complex topics, tricky derivations and multiple devices to study, Physics board exam preparation often takes a wrong turn and students get stuck among various reference books, Class 12 Physics Notes and NCERT Solutions, confused and pressured.

Which is the most difficult chapter in science?

The toughest chapter in Class 10 Science is Heredity and Evolution. However, it also contains more weightage of marks.

Is electrochemistry difficult?

It is very appropriate that the Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry devotes a special issue to all aspects of education in electrochemistry (EC). The eminent importance of education for the advancement of science is beyond any doubt. It always has to be anchored in high-quality research activities of the teaching people.

  • In order to foster education in chemistry, I have started a new journal in 2014: ChemTexts – The Textbook Journal of Chemsitry,
  • It is aimed to disseminate lecture-type papers to supplement the current, and often outdated, textbook literature.
  • Several references in this paper are taken from ChemTexts.

Considering the needs of teaching electrochemistry, a detailed analysis is needed. This analysis has to be specific for the various branches of electrochemistry and the various routes of education, degree programs, specific courses and so on. Recently, Uwe Schröder has pleaded for more electrochemistry in the teaching of non-electrochemical courses e.g., in inorganic, organic, industrial chemistry, biochemistry and geochemistry! This is indeed most desirable, as otherwise electrochemists may be put in the position of callers in the wilderness, and their message may be easily stay unvalued.

In this feature article, I will not dwell on the importance of mathematical modelling (esp. with respect to experiment–theory testing), mathematical data treatment and generally computer applications in courses of electrochemistry. These aspects are very well covered by other authors in this issue. The same holds true for laboratory work, which I will not mention in this paper.

It is rather clear what topics need to be taught to an audience of future electrochemists, Most electrochemists give such lectures to small groups of students in the framework of specialisation. However, it is much more challenging to teach electrochemistry (here I always mean equally electroanalysis) to the wide audience of students, who will choose inorganic, organic, physical, industrial, or environmental chemistry, or biochemistry and biotechnology.

The audience of engineering students poses other problems, which will not be discussed here. Most of these students have the following (mis)understandings of electrochemistry (provided that they had at all some lectures on electrochemistry): (i) It is a very special branch of chemistry, almost unrelated to all other chemistry.

(ii) It is very difficult to understand because it is based on terms like ‘potential’ (all sorts, from Galvani and Volta potential to electrochemical potential), ‘current’, ‘charge’, ‘impedance’, etc., which have not been clearly defined before. (iii) It is useless for the own specialisation.

(iv) It is boring as nothing modern is presented (may be with the exception of lithium batteries and fuel cells). Who is responsible for this situation? I think we have to blame ourselves. The smallest number of our students will major in electrochemistry. Most of them will go to biochemistry, biotechnology, organic synthesis, material science, environmental science, etc., and we have to find connections between their interests and electrochemistry.

We do not have to find these connections to cosy up to students, but to help students gaining a wider view on science, and finally to better prepare them to solve their own scientific tasks, later in life. I had such rare moment of satisfaction, when a postdoc has sent me an e-mail from a US University, writing “Once, in second year, you have explained us formal potentials, and I think this is what I need to consider now in my biochemical research” It followed a nice exchange of e-mails and explanations from both sides.

  • This brings me to the point that I rate the understanding of concepts to be much more important than celebrating math derivations, although the latter are very important; however, usually at a later time, when the concepts have been at least roughly understood.
  • Electrochemistry is mostly taught as an appendix of physical chemistry.
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Depending on the interests of the lecturing person, it is either overemphasized or rather ignored. Doubtless, it would be most desirable that electrochemical considerations are an integral part of lectures on inorganic (e.g., aluminium production ), organic (e.g., organic electrosynthesis ), industrial and analytical chemistry, biochemistry and biotechnology, but this is not always the case.

The present boost of electric vehicles and energy storage and conversion has drawn electrochemistry in to the awareness of a wide public. However, this also lead to an unjustified narrowing of the importance of electrochemistry. Further, I have seen that future biochemists/biotechnologist are usually not very enthusiastic about batteries and fuel cells, unless they are introduced to microbial fuel cells.

The links between batteries and fuel cells and the biochemistry of energy metabolism in living organisms, can be another motivation. Here, I like to contemplate on electrochemical concepts, which can help future chemists of whatever specialisation to improve their understanding of their own chemical systems.

  1. It is unavoidable that this paper has some national flavour, and also a personal flavour, as the curricula differ across the countries, and the personal interests of the teaching persons are also not uniform.
  2. Before electrochemistry can be taught, the used terms have to be explained.
  3. Since physics and physical chemistry are normally taught long before electrochemistry and electroanalysis, students have to be reminded again to the meaning of terms like: energy, potential energy, electrical potential, electrical field, electrical field strength, work, Coulomb work, current, current density, resistance, impedance, admittance, electrochemical potential, Gibbs energy, entropy, etc.

These are by far not all necessary terms, but they need to come first. Later, in electrochemical kinetics, more specific terms, like overpotential and charge-transfer resistance, etc. need to be introduced. When students listen to electrochemistry lectures, textbooks need to be suggested.

  • A highly recommendable textbook, which starts with the very basics and also presents the higher levels of electrochemistry in an understandable way, is “Electrochemical science and technology”,
  • Footnote 1 To be quickly informed about the many specific terms of electrochemistry, students may use the “Electrochemical dictionary”,

Let me know list the concepts, which I rate to be important for lectures on electrochemistry and electroanalysis. (I think it is impossible to give lectures on electroanalysis without lecturing first on general electrochemistry). Here, I will not dwell on experimental laboratory work, as this is the topic of many other contributions to this special issue.

Is electrochemistry an easy chapter?

Chapter 3: Electrochemistry – This chapter deals with the relationship between electric and chemical energy, as well as the inter-conversion from one form into another. Students learn about the electrochemical cell, which is of two types-electrolytic and galvanic.

  • The chapter also talks about redox reactions, variations in concentration, and conductivity.
  • It also introduces students to electrolysis and the laws of electrolysis.
  • This chapter requires students to study and memorize different equations relevant to its contents.
  • Additionally, students may find this chapter quite difficult since it is more physics-oriented.

Once students are familiar with the difficulty level of each chapter following their own strengths and weaknesses, they will be able to create a sequence by which they can start studying for their Chemistry exam. There is no correct or incorrect method of prioritizing which chapters need to be completed first; the student should only focus on finding a method that works for them.

Is Chemical Kinetics hard?

By Aman Goel Chemistry is the subject that is generally ignored by JEE aspirants. The argument given is that the subject involves a lot of memorization. However, if the subject is studied in the right way, one will realize that most of the concepts in this subject are quite intuitive and logical.

Physical Chemistry : This covers concepts about the fundamental unit of everything – atom. Many other important topics like Chemical Kinetics, Thermodynamics and Electrochemistry are also a part of Physical Chemistry. Organic Chemistry : This is all about Carbon and its compounds. There are lots of interest mysteries of Carbon and organic chemistry uncovers them. Inorganic Chemistry : Inorganic chemistry is about the way elements other than Carbon react and the results of these reactions.

Chemistry questions asked in JEE Mains require a balance of analytical and memorization skills. For instance, Physical chemistry questions are generally purely analytical, inorganic chemistry questions are more towards memorization side while organic chemistry questions often form a balance between the two.

Gaseous State : This chapter revolves around the famous gas equation (PV = nRT) and its variations. As a result, it is quite easy to solve the problems of this chapter. All that is required is the ability to quickly read the problem and visualize the scenario. The New Pattern Textbook of Physical Chemistry for Competitions ( JEE Main & Advanced) by OP Tandon is known to be the best book to study this chapter. Chemical Kinetics : This chapter is not only one of the easiest chapters, but also it is quite important because 2 other chapters are highly dependent on it – chemical equilibrium and electrochemistry. The whole chapter is about the rate law of a chemical reaction. Mastering this one law is sure to fetch you high marks in this chapter. Again, New Pattern Textbook of Physical Chemistry for Competitions (JEE Main & JEE Advanced ) by OP Tandon will be a good book if you want to master this chapter. General Organic Chemistry : This chapter is quite scoring because it is easy and lots of questions are asked in JEE from it. It is important because it forms the basis of entire organic chemistry. As a result, students should not miss it out. Organic Chemistry by LG Wade is arguably the best book for General Organic Chemistry. It covers all the fundamentals. Reactions of Benzene : This is another highly important and scoring chapter, particularly for JEE Advanced. Questions asked are fairly standard and those who have practiced enough problems will be able to do well in JEE. There are certain reactions of benzene that don’t follow the regular pattern and are rather classified as exceptions, Students should watch out for these reactions because they are often asked in various competitive examinations. As usual, Organic Chemistry by LG Wade is the book to go if you want to nail this chapter.

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Ores and Metallurgy : This chapter is not only conceptual but also quite asked in JEE. As a result, for those who are aiming for a high rank in JEE, it becomes an extremely important chapter. Students are advised to carefully learn and understand every concept of this chapter from NCERT textbooks because often, JEE paper setters directly pick up questions from NCERT. Those who want to study the advanced concepts of this chapter should study Concise Inorganic Chemistry by JD Lee. Qualitative Analysis : This chapter is quite infamous among JEE aspirants because it is arguably one of those chapters which require a lot of memorization. However, this chapter may help students score well because the questions asked in JEE from this chapter are quite straightforward and easy to crack. Concise Inorganic Chemistry by JD Lee is quite good for this chapter.

Also read : Best Books for JEE Main 2023 Preparation The whole idea of maximizing the score in Chemistry is to ensure a balance between analytical skills and memorization skills. Students should try to spend maximum time in the chapters that will help them score well.

  1. This will not only help in optimal utilization of time but also help in getting an edge over the competitors.
  2. One very important aspect to score high in Chemistry is to do periodic revision.
  3. As humans, we are bound to forget things if we don’t see them often.
  4. It is very easy for students to forget chemical formulae, chemical reactions and chemical structures of various chemical elements.

It is highly recommended that students should manage a notebook with them where they keep a note of the things that they tend to forget. This notebook should then be used for periodic revision. This will make sure that you score high in JEE chemistry. About the Author: Aman Goel is a co-founder at a Tech Start-up.

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Is kinetics a physics or chemistry?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In physics and engineering, kinetics is the branch of classical mechanics that is concerned with the relationship between the motion and its causes, specifically, forces and torques, Since the mid-20th century, the term ” dynamics ” (or “analytical dynamics”) has largely superseded “kinetics” in physics textbooks, though the term is still used in engineering.

In plasma physics, kinetics refers to the study of continua in velocity space. This is usually in the context of non-thermal ( non-Maxwellian ) velocity distributions, or processes that perturb thermal distributions. These ” kinetic plasmas ” cannot be adequately described with fluid equations, The term kinetics is also used to refer to chemical kinetics, particularly in chemical physics and physical chemistry,

In such uses, a qualifier is often used or implied, for example: “physical kinetics”, “crystal growth kinetics”, and so on.

What is the rate law in chemistry class 12?

The rate law (also known as the rate equation) for a chemical reaction is an expression that provides a relationship between the rate of the reaction and the concentrations of the reactants participating in it.

Why is it called kinetics?

The term kinetics stems from the Greek kinetikos, ‘putting in motion.’

Which chemistry is the easiest?

How Is Analytical Chemistry Easier From The Other Branches Of Chemistry? – Analytical chemistry is comparatively easier than most branches of chemistry. Organic chemistry is a popular but complex area of study. On the other hand, analytical chemistry is easier to learn and offers better salaries. Let’s see how analytical chemistry is easier than other branches of chemistry:

Analytical Chemistry Organic Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Biochemistry Physical Chemistry
The science of separation, identification, and quantification of matter using different instruments. The complex study of structure, properties, reactions, and carbon-containing compounds preparation. The unique study of the synthesis and behavior of inorganic compounds. The challenging subject is understanding the different Physico-chemical processes in living organisms. The tough application of physics to the study of chemistry.

Analytical chemistry is easier because it demands analytical and practical knowledge. Unlike other areas of chemistry, analytical chemistry mostly requires strategic analyses and accurate calculations. However, other areas of chemistry demand a deeper understanding and knowledge.

  • They require you to memorize and understand different information.
  • Unlike analytical chemistry, you cannot move to other topics until you fully understand some of them in various areas of chemistry.
  • Support guarantees to teach every branch of chemistry in a systemized manner.
  • We have several professional and experienced chemistry tutors on our panel.

Moreover, we also use advanced technology to ensure you have a smooth and glitch-free experience with us.

Which part of chemistry is easy?

Inorganic Chemistry is a great place to start because you can easily score a fortune by having a good grasp of it. It’s also important to recognise the most crucial Chemistry concepts besides organic Chemistry and concentrate on them. Make sure you understand how to put them to good use.

Which Chem is the hardest?

What are the five hardest classes you can take in college? Determining the five hardest classes is very subjective. If you have always been good at math, for example, then you might not find college algebra that tough. On the other hand, if you favor classes like English and literature, you may find math in general, let alone college algebra, hard.

  1. Of course, any class can be a stressor if you don’t keep up with the homework, the assigned readings, and ask for help when you need it.
  2. Casper College, as well as all other colleges, provide help for their students.
  3. None of us wants to see anyone fail a class! If you are a Casper College student, check out the Student Success Center,

Center staff can help you with general studies advising, career services, testing, and more. Casper College also has plenty of tutoring and study resources, including the STEM Learning Center, the Writing Center, and the statistics lab. Now, on to those five hardest classes.


This course will separate those who have great study habits and the ability to memorize a lot of information from those who don’t and can’t. According to Webster’s, thermodynamics is “physics that deals with the mechanical action or relations of heat.” Students who make it through thermodynamics typically have no problem making it to graduation and usually get into the graduate programs of their choice.

Human Anatomy:

This class is tough because, again, there is a lot of memorization needed. Human anatomy deals with the structure of the human body and the parts that make up that structure like bones, muscles, tissues, organs, etc., and the way they interact or function together.


This particular class probably doesn’t come as a surprise to many readers. If you had trouble with math in high school, and many of us did, expect to find this one a challenge as well. Calculus is, according to Wikipedia, ” the mathematical study of continuous change, in the same way that geometry is the study of shape and algebra is the study of generalizations of arithmetic operations.” BUT, don’t give up all hope if you need this class for your degree.

Quantum Physics/Mechanics:

This is a class that you will definitely need to have a strong math background to succeed. It also requires the memorization of many formulas, which you must then be able to apply to real-life problems. Quantum physics/mechanics deals with very small particles like atoms and subatomic particles and how they work.

Organic Chemistry:

It shouldn’t surprise you that organic chemistry takes the No.1 spot as the hardest college course. This course is often referred to as the “pre-med killer” because it actually has caused many pre-med majors to switch their major. Like all the others, this class requires a strong commitment to consistent and serious studying.

Not only is there a lot of memorization needed, but there is also a lot of homework. You just can’t memorize all the possible answers because there are simply too many of them. That means that you will have to rely on your intuition on occasion and generalize from specific examples. ~~~~~ How can you survive hard classes? First, remember that what might be hard for one person might not be for another.

In other words, just because these are considered hard courses doesn’t mean that you can’t succeed. Take responsibility for your education. Plan ahead and try not to take two of these in the same semester. Develop good study habits and set aside time each day for coursework and needed reading, and read ahead if you can.

  • Be sure to take notes in class, which will help you to remember information.
  • Perhaps form a study group with your fell classmates.
  • Give these classes the time and work they require.
  • Finally, never hesitate to ask for help from your instructor, whether during office hours or through email.
  • You will find that your instructors want you to succeed.

And don’t forget about the help available to you on your campus through math labs, writing centers, and more.

Which chapter should I start physical chemistry?

By Aman Goel If you have been thinking that the entire JEE Advanced syllabus for Chemistry is nothing but rote learning, then you are wrong. Physical chemistry involves the least mugging of all three parts. It tests your conceptual understanding. From the JEE Advanced point of view, Physical Chemistry is more about understanding the concept and knowing the key results than memorizing.

If you are conceptually sound, then this part of chemistry will be easier for you. It is also somewhat similar to Physics. Physical Chemistry is based on a lot of concepts that will strengthen your fundamentals in Chemistry. It is advisable to start with Physical Chemistry while preparing for the JEE Advanced.

Start with the Mole Concept chapter. This is the heart of Physical Chemistry. Start with a bit of General Chemistry as well. It should include Mole Concept, Atomic Structure, Periodic Table, Acid-Base Salts, Solutions and Solubility, Gas Laws, etc. This will strengthen your fundamentals and you will be more comfortable reading further chapters.

What are the most important chapters in chemistry?

JEE Main Important Chapters and Topics For Chemistry

High Weightage Low Weightage
Atomic Structure Chemical Equilibrium
Gaseous & Liquid State Redox & Volumetric Analysis
Electrochemistry Solutions
Chemical Kinetics Metallurgy

What are the most important chapters in class 12?

CBSE Class 12 Maths Important Chapters

Serial No. Chapter Name
1 Relations and Functions
2 Inverse Trigonometric Functions
3 Matrices
4 Determinants

Which chapter is chemistry in everyday life?

Why Opt for BYJU’S? – Chemistry is a tough subject for many students, and they always struggle to remember the concepts, derivations, and chemical and structural formulae. BYJU’S videos guide students in remembering the concepts and assignments provided by us, which will help them in practising important derivations, numerical problems, and structural formulas.

  1. Apart from NCERT Solutions Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 – Chemistry in Everyday Life, students can access other for other chapters as well.
  2. Students can also download worksheets, assignments, NCERT Class 12 Chemistry PDF, and other study materials for exam preparation and to score better marks.
  3. The topics important in Chapter 16 of NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry are 1.

Drugs and their Classification 2. Drug-Target Interaction 3. Therapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs 4. Chemicals in Food 5. Cleansing Agents The questions which you can expect from Chapter 16 of NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry are 1. Explain the term broad-spectrum antibiotics.2.

What is the tincture of iodine and explain its uses? 3. Which substance can be used as both an antiseptic and disinfectant? 4. Why does soap not give lather in hard water? 5. Why are synthetic detergents better than soaps? Many students find Chemistry a tough subject, as it includes derivations, concepts, structural formulae and chemical reactions.

The NCERT Solutions from BYJU’S provide students with a clear idea about the concepts which are important for the exam. The solutions completely adhere to the latest syllabus designed by the CBSE board. Students can download the PDF from BYJU’S and analyse the type of questions which can be asked in the board exam.

Arjun Patel