- 1 Who will be the chief guest at India’s Republic Day Parade 2023?
- 2 Who was the chief guest at India’s First Republic Day parade?
- 3 Which parade is best on Republic Day?
- 4 Who won the best marching contingent 2023?
- 5 Who has the newest flag?
- 6 Why is India called a republic?
- 7 Which country army is most powerful?
- 8 How many years of Republic Day 2023 in India?
- 9 What is the significance of 26 January in India?
- 10 What is the significance of the beating retreat ceremony?
Who will be the chief guest at India’s Republic Day Parade 2023?
– Posted On: 25 JAN 2023 1:57PM by PIB Delhi President Smt Droupadi Murmu will lead the Nation in celebrating the 74 th Republic Day from Kartavya Path in New Delhi on January 26, 2023. Egyptian President Mr Abdel Fattah El-Sisi will be the Chief Guest at the parade.
Building on last year’s celebrations, in the 75 th year of Independence celebrated as ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’, the celebrations this year shall witness zeal, enthusiasm, patriotic fervour and ‘Jan Bhagidari’, as envisioned by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. The week-long celebrations commenced on 23 rd January, the birth anniversary of great freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
To mark the occasion, a one-of-a-kind Military Tattoo and Tribal Dance Festival ‘Aadi Shaurya – Parv Parakram ka’ was organised in New Delhi on 23 rd & 24 th January. The events will culminate on 30 th January, which is observed as Martyrs’ Day. The celebrations are marked by attractive performances from Vande Bharatam group of dancers from across the country, tales of bravery by Veer Gatha 2.0 participants, melodious performances by School Bands at the National War Memorial, first-ever e-invitations, largest-ever drone show and 3-D anamorphic projection.
- The Parade The Republic Day parade, which will begin at around 1030 hrs, will be a unique mix of the country’s military prowess & cultural diversity, depicting the country’s growing indigenous capabilities, Nari Shakti and emergence of a ‘New India’.
- The parade ceremony will commence with Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi visiting the National War Memorial.
He will lead the nation in paying solemn tributes to the fallen heroes by laying a wreath. Thereafter, the Prime Minister and other dignitaries will head to the saluting dais at Kartavya Path to witness the parade. As per tradition, the National Flag will be unfurled followed by the National Anthem with a booming 21-gun salute.
- Amongst the many firsts, the 21-gun salute will be given with 105-mm Indian Field Guns.
- It replaces the vintage 25 pounder gun, reflecting upon the growing ‘Aatmanirbharta’ in defence.
- Four Mi-17 1V/V5 helicopters of 105 Helicopter Unit will shower flower petals on the audience present at Kartavya Path.
The parade will commence with the President taking the salute. The parade will be commanded by Parade Commander, Lieutenant General Dhiraj Seth, Ati Vishisht Seva Medal, a second-generation Army officer. Major General Bhavnish Kumar, Chief of Staff, HQ Delhi Area will be the Parade Second-in-Command.
The proud winners of the highest gallantry awards will follow. They include the winners of Param Vir Chakra and Ashok Chakra. Param Vir Chakra winners Subedar Major (Honorary Captain) Bana Singh, 8 JAK LI (Retd); Subedar Major (Honorary Captain) Yogendra Singh Yadav, 18 Grenadiers (Retd) & Subedar (Honorary Lieutenant) Sanjay Kumar, 13 JAK Rifles and Ashok Chakra winners Major General CA Pithawalla (Retd); Colonel D Sreeram Kumar and Lieutenant Colonel Jas Ram Singh (Retd) will follow the Deputy Parade Commander on Jeeps.
The Param Vir Chakra is awarded for the most conspicuous act of bravery and self-sacrifice in the face of the enemy, while the Ashok Chakra is awarded for similar acts of valour and self-sacrifice but, other than, in the face of the enemy. Egyptian contingent Marching down the Kartavya Path for the first time will be the combined Band & Marching contingent of the Egyptian Armed Forces, led by Colonel Mahmoud Mohamed Abdel Fattah El Kharasawy.
The contingent will consist of 144 soldiers, representing the main branches of the Egyptian Armed Forces. Indian Army Contingents The first contingent in the uniform of the 61 Cavalry will be led by Captain Raizada Shaurya Bali. The 61 Cavalry is the only serving active Horse Cavalry Regiment in the world, with the amalgamation of all the ‘State Horse Units’.
The Indian Army will be represented by a Mounted Column of 61 Cavalry, nine Mechanised Columns, six marching contingents and a fly past by Advanced Light Helicopters (ALH) of Army Aviation Corps. Main Battle Tank ARJUN, NAG Missile System (NAMIS), Infantry Combat Vehicle of BMP-2 SARATH, Quick Reaction Fighting Vehicle, K-9 Vajra-tracked Self-Propelled Howitzer Gun, BrahMos missile, 10m Short Span Bridge, Mobile Microwave Node & Mobile Network Centre and AKASH (New Generation Equipment) will be the main attractions in the mechanised columns.
A total of six marching contingents of the Army, including The Mechanised Infantry Regiment, The Punjab Regiment, The Maratha Light Infantry Regiment, The Dogra Regiment, The Bihar Regiment and The Gorkha Brigade will march past the saluting dais. Veterans’ Tableau Another highlight of the parade this year will be Veterans’ Tableau, with the theme ‘Towards India’s Amrit Kaal with Resolve – A Veterans’ Commitment’.
It will provide a glimpse of veterans’ contributions in the last 75 years and their initiatives in shaping India’s future during ‘Amrit Kaal’. Indian Navy Contingent The Indian Navy contingent will comprise 144 young sailors, led by Lt Cdr Disha Amrith as Contingent Commander.
For the first time ever, the marching contingent consists of three women and six Agniveers. It will be followed by the Naval Tableau, designed on the theme ‘Indian Navy – Combat Ready, Credible, Cohesive and Future Proof’. It will showcase the multi-dimensional capabilities of the Indian Navy, Nari Shakti and key indigenously designed and built assets under ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’.
The forward part of the tableau will illustrate the women aircrew of Dornier aircraft, highlighting all-women crew surveillance sortie undertaken last year. The main section of the tableau will display the ‘Make in India’ initiatives of the Navy. There will be a model of the new indigenous Nilgiri class ship with a Dhruv helicopter deploying marine commandos.
- On the sides, models of indigenous Kalvari class submarines will be depicted.
- The rear section of the tableau will display models of autonomous unmanned systems being indigenously-developed under iDEX-Sprint Challenge.
- Indian Air Force Contingent The Indian Air Force contingent will comprise 144 air warriors and four officers, led by Sqn Ldr Sindhu Reddy.
The Air Force tableau, designed on the theme ‘Indian Air Force Power Beyond Boundaries’, will display a rotating globe highlighting IAF’s expanded reach, whereby it has been able to provide humanitarian assistance across borders, as also exercises conducted with friendly countries.
- It will also showcase Light Combat Aircraft Tejas MK-II, Light Combat Helicopter ‘Prachand’, Airborne Early Warning & Control aircraft NETRA and C-295 Transport aircraft.
- The tableau will also display a team of GARUDs in combat gear with laser designation equipment and specialist weapons.
- DRDO Tableau & Equipment Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) will showcase one tableau and equipment.
The theme of the tableau is ‘Securing Nation with Effective Surveillance, Communication and Neutralising Threats’. The first part shall display Underwater Surveillance Platforms, which include sonars like Ushus-2 for submarines, Humsa series of sonars for ships and Low Frequency Dunking Sonar for helicopter launch surveillance.
- The second part of this tableau will have Land Surveillance, Communication and Neutralising platforms showcasing D4 counter drone systems, which can perform real time search, detection, tracking and neutralise targets.
- Two units of Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile Weapon System, Battery Multifunction Radar and Missile Launcher Vehicle will also be displayed.
The third part will showcase Aerial Surveillance and Communication platforms Airborne Early Warning and Control System and TAPAS BH Medium Altitude Long Endurance UAV. The rear part will represent DRDO’ Research Activities through a semiconductor R&D facility.
- Indigenously-developed Wheeled Armoured Platform (WhAP), a modular 8X8 wheeled combat platform carried on a 70-ton Trailer will be displayed by DRDO in the form of equipment.
- Indian Coast Guard Contingent The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) marching contingent will be led by Deputy Commandant Rohit Singh.
- The ICG, with 157 ships and 78 aircraft, is capable of countering threats at and to the sea.
The continuous vigil of the ICG has enabled seizure of contraband worth over Rs 14,546 crore since its inception, including Rs 2,620 crore in 2022 alone. Its reach and capability was demonstrated during the flag hoisting on 100 inhabited & un-inhabited far-flung islands as part of ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’.
- The ICG has been a pioneer in women empowerment, offering opportunities to women officers in all spheres.
- Contingents of CAPF & Delhi Police Also marching down Kartavya Path will be the contingents of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) led by Assistant Commandant Poonam Gupta; Railway Protection Force led by Assistant Security Commissioner Saurav Kumar and Delhi Police led by Assistant Commissioner of Police Shweta S Sugathan.
The Camel Contingent of Border Security Force (BSF) will march past the saluting dais under the command of Deputy Commandant Manohar Singh Kheechee. For the first time, female camel riders will participate in the parade, showcasing women empowerment in various fields.
NCC Contingents The National Cadet Corps (NCC) Boys Marching contingent, comprising 148 Senior Division cadets, will be led by Senior Under Officer Pujari Sivanand of the Maharashtra Directorate. Senior Under Officer Sonali Sahoo of Odisha Directorate will head the NCC Girls Marching contingent, consisting of 148 Senior Division Cadets drawn from all 17 Directorates.
National Service Scheme contingent The marching contingent of National Service Scheme (NSS), comprising 148 volunteers, will march under the command of Aanchal Sharma from Himachal Pradesh, Regional Directorate of NSS, Chandigarh. Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar winners Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar are conferred on children with exceptional abilities and outstanding achievement in the fields of bravery, art & culture, sports, innovation and social service.
Eleven winning children, in jeeps, will be driven down Kartavya Path. Tableaux of States/UTs & Ministries/Departments Twenty-three tableaux – 17 from States/Union Territories and six from various Ministries/Departments, depicting the nation’s rich cultural heritage, economic progress and strong internal and external security will also roll down the Kartavya Path.
Details of the 17 tableaux of States/UTs with their themes are as follows:
|1||Andhra Pradesh||Prabhala Theertham – A festival of Peasantry during Makara Sankranthi|
|2||Assam||Land of Heroes and Spiritualism|
|3||Ladakh||Tourism & Composite Culture of Ladakh|
|5||Tripura||Sustainable Livelihood through Tourism & Organic Farming in Tripura with active participation of women|
|6||Gujarat||Clean Green Energy Efficient Gujarat|
|7||Jharkhand||Baba Baidyanath Dham|
|8||Arunachal Pradesh||Prospects of Tourism in Arunachal Pradesh|
|9||Jammu & Kashmir||Naya Jammu & Kashmir|
|11||West Bengal||Durga Puja in Kolkata: Inscribing Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO|
|12||Maharashtra||Sade Tin Shaktipithe & Nari Shakti|
|13||Tamil Nadu||Women Empowerment & Culture of Tamil Nadu|
|14||Karnataka||Celebrating Power of Nari|
|15||Haryana||International Gita Mahotsav|
|16||Dadar Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu||Conservation of Tribal Culture & Heritage|
|17||Uttar Pradesh||Ayodhya Deepotsav|
Details of six tableaux of Ministries/Departments are as follows:
|1||Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare (Indian Council Agriculture Research)||International Year of Millets: 2023 – India’s Initiative|
|2||Ministry of Tribal Affairs||Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRSs)|
|3||Ministry of Home Affairs (Narcotics Control Bureau)||Narcotics Control Bureau: Resolve @ 75 – Drug Free India|
|4||Ministry of Home Affairs (Central Armed Police Forces)||Nari Shakti in CAPF|
|5||Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (Central Public Works Department)||Biodiversity Conservation|
|6||Ministry of Culture||Shakti RupenaSamsthita|
Cultural Performance Cultural performances by 479 artists chosen through the nation-wide Vande Bharatam dance competition will add colour and groove to the Republic Day parade. The theme of the cultural extravaganza will be ‘Nari Shakti’ presented by 326 female dancers, ably supported by 153 male dancers, of age group 17-30 years.
They will present classical, folk and contemporary fusion dances, depicting the ‘Power of Women’ through five elements Earth, Water, Air, Space and Fire. This is the second time that the dancers of the cultural programme have been selected through a Nation-wide competition. Motorcycle Display Another highlight of the show will be a thrilling motorcycle display by Corps of Signals’ Dare Devils team.
They will enthrall the audience with an array of formations, which will also include a Yoga display. Fly Past The grand finale and the most eagerly-awaited segment of the parade, the Fly Past, will witness a breath-taking air show by 45 aircraft of Indian Air Force, one from the Indian Navy and four helicopters of Indian Army.
Vintage as well as current modern aircraft/helicopters like Rafale, MiG-29, Su-30, Su-30 MkI Jaguar, C-130, C-17, Dornier, Dakota, LCH Prachand, Apache, Sarang& AEW&C will roar in the skies above Kartavya Path, displaying different formations, including Baaz, Prachand, Tiranga, Tangail, Vajrang, Garud, Bheem, Amrit and Trishul.
The concluding Vertical Charlie maneuver will be performed by Rafale fighter aircraft. Like last year, Doordarshan will broadcast cockpit videos during the fly past. The ceremony will culminate with the national anthem and the release of Tri-colour balloons.
- Special Invitees This year, invites have been sent to common people from all walks of the society such as Shramyogis involved in construction of Central Vista, Kartavya Path, New Parliament Building, milk, vegetable vendors, and street vendors etc.
- These special Invitees will be prominently seated at Kartavya Path.
Unique activities A number of unique activities formed the part of Republic Day Celebrations this year. These are:
Military Tattoo & Tribal Dance festival : As part of RDC and to mark the 126 th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (celebrated as Parakram Diwas), a Military Tattoo and Tribal Dance festival ‘Aadi-Shaurya – Parv Parakram ka’ was organised at Jawahar Lal Nehru Stadium, New Delhi on January 23 & 24, 2023. Thousands of people were enthralled by 10 Military Tattoo and 20 Tribal Dance performances. The event was interspersed by performances by famous Bollywood playback singer Shri Kailash Kher. Vande Bharatam 2.0 : The second edition of Vande Bharatam dance competition was organised as part of RDC 2023. Entries were sought from October 15 – November 10, 2022 from participants in the age group of 17-30 years in the genres of Folk/Tribal, Classical and Contemporary/ Fusion. State/UT-level and Zonal-level competitions were conducted from November 17 to December 10, 2022 by the seven Zonal Cultural Centres under the aegis of the Ministry of Culture. The Grand finale was held in New Delhi on December 19 & 20, 2022 which witnessed participation of 980 dancers. Veer Gatha 2.0 : Veer Gatha, one of the unique projects launched as a part of ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ last year, was organised to inspire and spread awareness among children about the gallant deeds and sacrifices of the Armed Forces. This year too, the Tri-Services organised virtual and face-to-face interaction of school children with Gallantry Award winners and the students (from 3 rd to 12 th Standard) submitted their entries in the form of poems, essays, paintings, multimedia presentations etc. More than 19 lakh entries were received from all over the country out of which 25 were selected as winners. They were felicitated by Raksha Mantri at a ceremony in New Delhi on 25 th January. They shall also attend the RD parade. Bharat Parv: Reflecting the ‘Jan Bhagidari’ theme, ‘Bharat Parv’ will be organised at Gyan Path in front of Red Fort, Delhi from January 26-31, 2023 by the Ministry of Tourism. It will showcase Republic Day Tableaux, performances by the Military bands, cultural performances, Food Courts serving pan India cuisines and Crafts Bazaar. E-invitation : This year, physical invitation cards for guests and spectators have been replaced by e-invitations. A dedicated portal www.amantran.mod.gov.in was launched for the purpose. Sale of tickets, admit cards, invitation cards and car parking labels have been issued online through this portal. This ensured the whole process to be more secure & paperless and enabled people from all parts of the country to attend this national event. School Band Performance at NWM: An All-India School Band competition was organised for various schools to compete and perform in the run up to the Republic Day to encourage values of discipline, teamwork & national pride among the children. Over 300 schools participated in the competition organised by Ministry of Defence in coordination with Ministry of Education. Eight school bands were selected, which performed at the National War Memorial from January 15-22, 2023. Prince Academy of Higher Education, Sikar, Rajasthan was adjudged as winners in both girls and boys Brass band categories. In the Pipe Band category, Thurbo Higher Secondary School, Darjeeling, West Bengal bagged the top spot in the boys section, while Government Girls Secondary School, Namchi, South Sikkim was named winners in the girls section. Drone Show : The biggest drone show in India, comprising 3,500 indigenous drones, will light up the evening sky over the Raisina hills during Beating The Retreat ceremony on January 29 th, weaving myriad forms of national figures/events through smooth synchronisation. It would depict the success of start-up ecosystem, technological prowess of the country’s youth and pave the way for future path-breaking trends. The event will be organised by M/s Botlabs Dynamics. Anamorphic Projection : For the first time, a 3-D anamorphic projection will be organised during Beating the Retreat Ceremony on the façade of North and South Block.
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Which is the best tableau for Republic Day 2023?
Raksha Rajya Mantri Shri Ajay Bhatt gives away awards related to Republic Day 2023 – Posted On: 31 JAN 2023 8:27PM by PIB Delhi Raksha Rajya Mantri Shri Ajay Bhatt gave away awards and prizes related to the Republic Day 2023 at Rashtriya Rangshala Camp, Delhi Cantt on 31 January 2023.
- The tableau of Uttrakhand, based on the theme ‘Manaskhand’, was given away the best tableau award among the 17 states/union territories tableaux.
- Tableau of Maharashtra displaying ‘Sade Tin Shaktipithe & Nari Shakti’ and Tableau of Uttar Pradesh showcasing the theme ‘Ayodhya Deepotsav’ were given the second and third best tableau awards respectively.
The tableau of Ministry of Tribal Affairs based on ‘Eklavya Model Residential Schools’ (EMRSs) was given the Best Tableau award among Ministries/Departments. The tableau of Central Public Works Department (CPWD), with the theme ‘Biodiversity Conservation’, bagged the special prize, along with Vande Bharatam’ Dance Group.
The winners were chosen after intensive assessment of their performance by three panels of judges, appointed for this purpose. Shri Ajay Bhatt also distributed prizes to the winners in the popular choice category which has been initiated after the clarion call of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi to ensure Jan-Bhagidari or people’s participation in the national festivals.
The online poll for the popular choice was conducted between January 25-28, 2023 on MyGov web page and over one lakh people participated in it. Raksha Rajya Mantri gave away Gujarat the best tableau award in the popular choice category. Its theme was Clean-Green Energy Efficient Gujarat.
- Tableaux of Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra got the second and third best tableau awards in this category.
- Best Tableau award among Central Ministries/Departments in the popular choice category was given to CAPF (Ministry of Home Affairs).
- Shri Ajay Bhatt distributed mementos to the shramjeevis who contributed in organising the Republic Day Parade on Kartvyapath.
Senior officials of Ministry of Defence and other ministries/departments and many artists and children who participated in the Republic Day Parade were present on the occasion. Raksha Rajya Mantri interacted with the participants and congratulated them for their performance in the parade.
Who is the head of the Indian Republic?
|President of India|
|Bhārat kē Rāṣṭrapati|
|Emblem of India|
|Flag of India|
|Incumbent Droupadi Murmu since 25 July 2022|
|Head of state of the Republic of India Executive branch of the Indian Government|
|Type||Head of state|
|Seat||Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi, Delhi, India|
|Appointer||Electoral College of India|
|Term length||Five years No restriction on renewal|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of India (Article 52)|
|Precursor||Monarch of India and their representative the Governor-General of India|
|Formation||26 January 1950 ; 73 years ago|
|First holder||Rajendra Prasad|
|Deputy||Vice President of India|
|Salary||• ₹ 500,000 (US$6,300) (per month) • ₹ 6,000,000 (US$75,000) (annually)|
The president of India ( IAST : Bhārat kē Rāṣṭrapati ) is the head of state of the Republic of India, The president is the nominal head of the executive, the first citizen of the country, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces,
Droupadi Murmu is the 15th and current president, having taken office from 25 July 2022. The office of president was created when India officially became a republic on 26 January 1950 after gaining independence on 15 August 1947, when its constitution came into force. The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising both houses of the Parliament of India and the legislative assemblies of each of India’s states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected by the citizens.
Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the president can exercise their powers directly or by subordinate authority (with few exceptions), though all of the executive powers vested in the president are, in practice, exercised by the prime minister (a subordinate authority) with the advice of the Cabinet ministers,
Who is the highest ranking military officer in Republic Day?
The President of India who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute.
Who was the chief guest at India’s First Republic Day parade?
When India celebrated its first Republic Day on January 26, 1950, Ahmed Sukarno, the President of Indonesia was a natural choice as chief guest. Not only was he a proven freedom fighter, Sukarno and then PM Jawaharlal Nehru shared similar ideologies.
Which parade is best on Republic Day?
Best marching contingents & tableaux of Republic Day Parade 2023 announced Uttarakhand adjudged best State/UT tableau by a panel of judges; Gujarat wins online public poll conducted by MyGov Ministry of Tribal Affairs bags top position among Ministries/Departments in the panel of judges section; Ministry of Home Affairs (CAPF) clinches top spot in popular choice category Panel chooses Punjab Regiment Centre Contingent as best Marching Contingent among the three services; Indian Air Force wins online poll CRPF named best Marching Contingent among CAPF/other auxiliary forces in both categories – Posted On: 30 JAN 2023 7:02PM by PIB Delhi The best marching contingents and tableaux of Republic Day Parade 2023 have been announced.
Separate results – one by a panel of judges and other through an online public vote conducted by MyGov – have been declared. Three panels of judges were appointed for assessing the performance of Marching Contingents from three Services, Marching Contingents from Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF)/other auxiliary forces and tableaux from various States/Union Territories and Ministries/Departments.
On the basis of the assessment of the panels, the results are as under:
Best Marching Contingent among the three services – Punjab Regiment Centre Contingent Best Marching Contingent among CAPF/other auxiliary forces – Crpf Marching Contingent Best three Tableaux (States/UTs) First – Uttarakhand (Manaskhand) Second – Maharashtra (Sade Tin Shaktipithe & Nari Shakti) Third – Uttar Pradesh (Ayodhya Deepotsav) Best Tableau (Ministries/Departments) – Ministry of Tribal Affairs (Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRSs)) Special Prize Central Public Works Department (Biodiversity Conservation) ‘Vande Bharatam’ Dance Group.
In addition to the panel of judges, a web page was created on MyGov platform for online registration of citizens for watching the Republic Day Parade and Beating the Retreat Ceremony 2023 online. An online poll was conducted by MyGov for the citizens to vote for their favourite Tableaux from States/UTs and Ministries/Departments as also amongst the Marching contingents to select the best amongst popular choice category.
Best Marching Contingent among the three services – INDIAN AIR FORCE MARCHING CONTINGENT Best Marching Contingent among CAPF/other auxiliary forces – CRPF MARCHING CONTINGENT Best three Tableaux (States/UTs) : First – Gujarat (Clean-Green energy efficient Gujarat) Second – Uttar Pradesh (Ayodhya Deepotsava) Third – Maharashtra (Sade tin Shaktipeeth and Nari Shakti) Best Tableau (Central Ministries/Departments) – CAPF (Ministry of Home Affairs)
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Who won the Parade 2023?
Tableau of Uttarakhand Got First Place in Republic Day Parade On January 30, 2023, the Central Government announced the award of the tableaux of the states involved in the Republic Day Parade 2023, in which Uttarakhand’s tableau Manaskhand got first place in the country.
Who won the best marching contingent 2023?
Punjab regimental centre, CRPF named best marching contingents at RD parade January 30, 2023 11:16 pm | Updated 11:16 pm IST – NEW DELHI Marching contingent of Punjab Regiment during the 74th Republic Day Parade at the Kartavya Path, in New Delhi, on January 26. | Photo Credit: PTI
Punjab Regiment Centre contingent was declared the best marching contingent among the three services at this year’s Republic Day Parade (RDP), while Indian Air Force (IAF) won the first slot in the online public poll conducted by MyGov.From among Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) and other auxiliary forces, Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) was named the best marching contingent under both categories, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) said on Monday. Also read:
Uttarakhand tableau based on Manaskhand was adjudged best State/Union Territory tableau by a panel of judges, while Gujarat’s on clean-green energy efficiency won first spot in the online public poll conducted by MyGov, MoD said in a statement declaring the results for the best marching contingents and tableaux of RDP 2023.
- This included separate results — one by a panel of judges and other through an online public vote conducted by MyGov.
- Three panels of judges were appointed for assessing the performance of marching contingents from three Services, Marching Contingents from Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) and other auxiliary forces and tableaux from various States, Union Territories and Ministries and Departments, a Ministry statement said.
“In addition to the panel of judges, a web page was created on MyGov platform for online registration of citizens for watching the RDP and Beating the Retreat Ceremony 2023 online,” the statement said. An online poll was conducted by MyGov for the citizens to vote for their favourite Tableaux from States/UTs and Ministries/Departments as also amongst the marching contingents to select the best amongst popular choice category, it stated.
The online poll for the popular choice was conducted between January 25 to 28 on MyGov web page. Among Ministries and Departments, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs’ tableau on ‘Eklavya model residential schools’ bagged the top position in the panel of judges section, while the Ministry of Home Affairs’ one on ‘CAPFs’ clinched the top spot in popular choice category.
In the assessment by panel of judges, Maharashtra ( Sade tin shaktipithe and nari shakti ) clinched the second spot, while the third spot went to Uttar Pradesh ( Ayodhya Deepotsav ). The judges’ special prize went to Central Public Works Department’s tableau on biodiversity conservation.
What is difference between flag hoisting and flag unfurling?
National celebrations like Republic Day and Independence day hold a great significance as it is an occasion when the people of the country celebrate and remember the great sacrifice of freedom fighters and nation builders. It is also the day when people are filled with great enthusiasm and patriotism.
On the occasion of Republic day people wait with great anticipation and enthusiasm about the grand Republic Day Parade, while on Independence Day citizens get to hear about the achievements of the nation through Prime Minister’s address the nation from the rampart of historic Red Fort. On both August 15 and January 26, the national flag is hoisted.
There is an important similarity between these two important event, yet they are a little different. There is a distinction between hoisting the flag on Independence Day and Republic Day because the customs for each day are different. While both the events honour and pay respect to the national flag and might look the same, but there is a distinction between the two events regarding how the flag should be raised.
The position of the flag also matters a lot. One can spot the difference in unfurling and hoisting in the positioning of the flag. When the national flag is hoisted on Independence Day, it is tied and sits at the bottom of the pole. It is the Prime Minister who raises the national flag up and hoists it with the aim to honour the historical event of the day.
Whereas, when the flag is unfurled on Republic Day, it is closed and tied at the top of the pole. The President unfurls it without pulling the flag up as it takes place on Independence Day. On Republic Day, the country celebrates the day when the Constitution was adopted.
- Prime Minister hoists National flag on Independence Day On Independence Day, the hoisting of the flag signifies the rise of a new nation, free from colonial domination.
- To raise the flag on Independence Day, August 15, a rope is pulled from below.
- Following that, it is unlatched and raised into place.
President Unfurls the Flag: The difference between the two ceremonies is because when India became Republic in 1960, it was already Independent and that’s why there was no reason to hoist the flag taking from bottom to top. Furthermore, on the first Independence Day in 1947, Independent India had no President.
Which country has the most flag changes?
Published on 19 August 2021 Updated on 07 September 2022 Afghanistan’s Independence Day (19 August) came only days after the Taliban seized control of capital Kabul. The entire world focused on the unfolding of events as the country fell into turmoil, following the flash US military withdrawal after 20 years in the country. Changes of flags are nothing new. In the 102 years of Afghanistan’s independence the nation’s national banners were changed 30 times. Only in 1919 it was changed 6 times. Various flags rippled for Afghanistan Emirate, Kingdom, Republic, Socialist Republic, and finally its Islamic State.
- Frequent changes of flags in Afghan history is an illustration of a society in flux with almost constant instability.
- This variety of flags also represents the diversity of Afghan society and a wide range of interests.
- Thus, understanding flags, their symbolism, and their use is crucial in understanding politics and society.
Flags are the most condensed and vivid expression of identity. In addition, flags talk directly to people’s emotions and deeper need to belong and identify. People have and still fight and die under and for their flags.
Who has the newest flag?
Malawi and Libya both have flags that were recently adopted. Some countries have flags whose origins are so old that it is difficult to track its date of adoption. However, some countries have flags that were adopted only in recent memory. This could be because a country changed their flag design for political reasons (such as the case of Libya), or because a new country was formed (like the case of South Sudan).
Why is India called a republic?
Q. Why is India called a republic country? – Answer:- India is a republic country. A republic country is where the head of a particular state is an elected person and not someone from a hereditary monarch. India is known as a republic country because the people of India elect the head of the state government.
Is India a democracy or republic?
Republic of India – Mahatma Gandhi Though India became a free nation on August 15, 1947, it declared itself a Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state with the adoption of the Constitution on January 26, 1950. A salute of 21 guns and the unfurling of the Indian National Flag by Dr.
Rajendra Prasad heralded the historic birth of the Indian Republic on that day. Thereafter 26 th of January was decreed a national holiday and was recognised as the Republic Day of India. The Constitution gave the citizens of India the power to choose their own government and paved the way for democracy.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad took oath as the first President of India at the Durbar Hall in Government House and this was followed by the Presidential drive along a five-mile route to the Irwin Stadium, where he unfurled the, : Republic Day Celebration 2023
Which is known as Pink City?
Jaipur became known as “The Pink City” when, in 1876, Maharaja Ram Singh had most of the buildings painted pink—the color of hospitality—in preparation for a visit by Britain’s Queen Victoria. Today, the city is known for its bazaars, forts, temples, palaces, and wildlife sanctuaries.
Which country army is most powerful?
Analysing the strengths of militaries across the world, Global Firepower (GFP) assessed over 60 individual factors for the ‘2023 Military Strength Ranking’. – The United States has the strongest military force in the world, with Russia and China in second and third and India in fourth place, according to Global Firepower, a data website that tracks global defence-related information. The report, listing 145 countries, also indicates the year-over-year trend comparison. (AFP/File) The 2023 Military Strength list – which also includes the nations with the weakest military force in the world, which includes Bhutan and Iceland – assessed over 60 factors.
- Global Firepower said it established ‘a given nation’s score with categories ranging from quantity of military units and financial standing to logistical capabilities and geography’.
- Our unique, in-house formula allows for smaller (and) more technologically-advanced nations to compete with larger (and) lesser-developed powers special modifiers, in the form of bonuses and penalties, are applied to further refine the list which is compiled annually.
Trends do not necessarily indicate a declining power as changes to the GFP formula can also account for this.” The report lists 145 countries and also compares each nation’s year-on-year ranking changes.
Who has the strongest military in the world?
Pakistan has entered the top 10 of the most powerful militaries in the world, securing the seventh spot. Japan and France have dropped to eighth and ninth respectively. The United States, Russia, and China remain the top three. – Premium Indian Army soldiers conduct an exercise in their training camp, near the International Border between India and Pakistan, in Punjab, India, Sunday, June 2, 2002. (AP Photo/Aman Sharma) According to Global Firepower, a prominent data website specializing in defence-related information, the United States possesses the most powerful military force worldwide.
- Russia and China follow closely in second and third place, respectively, while India secures the fourth position.
- The recently released 2023 Military Strength list, which evaluates over 60 factors, also highlights nations with comparatively weaker military forces such as Bhutan and Iceland.
- The assessment by Global Firepower takes into account various criteria, including the number of military units, financial resources, logistical capabilities, and geographical considerations, to determine each nation’s overall score.
“Our unique, in-house formula allows for smaller (and) more technologically-advanced nations to compete with larger (and) lesser-developed powers special modifiers, in the form of bonuses and penalties, are applied to further refine the list which is compiled annually.
Trends do not necessarily indicate a declining power as changes to the GFP formula can also account for this.” The report lists 145 countries and also compares each nation’s year-on-year ranking changes. Here are the 10 nations with the most powerful militaries in the world: United States Russia China India United Kingdom South Korea Pakistan Japan France Italy Here are the 10 nations with the least powerful militaries in the world: Bhutan Benin Moldova Somalia Liberia Suriname Belize Central African Republic Iceland Sierra Leone The top four nations remain as they were in the 2022 Global Firepower list.
In a shift from the previous year’s rankings, the United Kingdom has advanced from eighth to fifth place in terms of military strength. South Korea retains its sixth position from last year. Notably, Pakistan has entered the top 10, securing the seventh spot. Catch all the Business News, Market News, Breaking News Events and Latest News Updates on Live Mint. Download The Mint News App to get Daily Market Updates. More Less Updated: 12 Jul 2023, 10:40 AM IST
What rank is Germany in military?
NOTES: The polar area chart above is intended to show relative inherent strengths and weakness at-a-glance; balance is prefered though not always achievable.1) Manpower encompasses Active, Reserve, and any official Paramilitary forces identified for the nation; personnel from each branch of service is included.2) Airpower includes war-making aerial systems, excluding trainers and drones.3) Land Power includes motorized / mechanized vehicular elements as well as towed artillery and mechanized / towed MLRS systems.4) Naval Power includes commissioned hulls ranging from Blue Water warships and submarines to Brown Water patrol assets (excluded for land-locked powers).5) Financials average current financial health on the world stage.6) Scores are an average of related categories in the GFP annual ranking. This country is an Active Member of the European Union alliance. This country is a Top 10 financial power according to its global standing in key categories. This country is a Top 10 global producer of Coal, a critical natural resource. The act of waging (and sustaining) a prolonged conflict requires a massive financial commitment from all parties involved. As such, GFP focuses on a select group of financially-related categories showcased below. 5 / 145 Purchasing Power Parity: $4,238,800,000,000 USD 12 / 145 Foreign Exchange/Gold: $200,100,000,000 USD 5 / 145 Defense Budget: $52,332,500,000 USD 114 / 145 External Debt: $5,671,463,000,000 USD All monetary values presented in United States Dollar (USD$). Manpower is one of the few categories that every nation satisfies in the GFP index to one extent or another. These categories detail the maximum and realistic number of souls a given nation can commit to a war effort, be it offensive or defensive in nature. 18 / 145 Total Population: 84,316,622 18 / 145 Available Manpower 37,785,646 (44.8%) 18 / 145 Fit-for-Service 31,028,517 (36.8%) 25 / 145 Reaching Mil Age Annually 843,166 (1.0%) Tot Mil. Personnel (est.) 199,000 (0.2%) 26 / 145 Active Personnel 184,000 (0.2%) 42 / 145 Reserve Personnel 15,000 (0.0%) 145 / 145 Paramilitary 0 (0.0%) 21 / 145 Air Force Personnel* 30,000 31 / 145 Army Personnel* 65,000 29 / 145 Navy Personnel* 16,500 *These values may be estimated. Manpower Composition: Hover over the various color-coded sections in the bar below for details on each category. GFP tracks specific categories related to aerial warfare capabilities of a given power. 18 / 145 Aircraft Total: Stock: 601 Readiness: 451* 19 / 145 Fighters: Stock: 134 (22.3%) Readiness: 101* 12 / 145 Attack Types: Stock: 75 (12.5%) Readiness: 56* 18 / 145 Transports (Fixed-Wing): Stock: 44 (7.3%) Readiness: 33* 57 / 145 Trainers: Stock: 26 (4.3%) Readiness: 20* 7 / 145 Special-Mission: Stock: 37 (6.2%) Readiness: 28* 145 / 145 Tanker Fleet: Stock: 0 (0.0%) Readiness: 0* 12 / 145 Helicopters: Stock: 287 (47.8%) Readiness: 215* 11 / 145 Attack Helicopters: Stock: 55 (9.2%) Readiness: 41* *Values are estimated. Inventory Composition: Hover over pie slices in the chart below for category information. Pecentages below are not part of overall strength above but rather relative to each category presented below. 52 / 145 Tanks: Stock: 266 Readiness: 213* 14 / 145 Vehicles: Stock: 68,660 Readiness: 54,928* 32 / 145 Self-Propelled Artillery: Stock: 121 Readiness: 97* 145 / 145 Towed Artillery: Stock: 0 Readiness: 0* 55 / 145 MLRS (Rocket Artillery): Stock: 38 Readiness: 30* *Values are estimated. Inventory Composition: Hover over pie slices in the chart below for category information. 36 / 145 Total Assets: 80 145 / 145 Aircraft Carriers: 0 145 / 145 Helicopter Carriers: 0 145 / 145 Destroyers: 0 6 / 145 Frigates: 12 10 / 145 Corvettes: 5 15 / 145 Submarines: 6 145 / 145 Patrol Vessels: 0 10 / 145 Mine Warfare: 12 Inventory Composition: Hover over the pie slices in the chart below for more details. GFP Hull Classifications: GlobalFirepower.com (GFP) takes a rather conventional approach to hull classifications regarding per-country naval assets.
Below are descriptions of each type considered: Aircraft Carriers These are either conventional- or nuclear-powered forms showcasing an expansive flight deck with hangar elevators for access. This surface is used for the launching and retrieval of fixed-wing aircraft (as a primary function) and rotorcraft (as a secondary function).
In modern navies, Aircraft Carriers represent the flagship of the fleet, making them vital assets. Only a few select nations maintain an aircraft carrier as part of their surface fleet. Helicopter Carriers The Helicopter Carrier primarily supports rotorcraft and may offer facilities for the operation of Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) fixed-wing aircraft such as the F-35 and AV-8B ‘jump jets’.
- These vessels are typically dimensionally smaller when compared to their Aircraft Carrier brethren.
- Provision for operating UAVs may also be seen in these vessel types.
- Destroyers Destroyers are the largest named, non-carrier ship type in modern fleets (not including Cruisers which are used by only a few powers).
They are powerful, multi-mission oriented hulls with a broad array of sensors, processing systems, and weaponry and can support one or more rotorcraft from their included flight deck. Some forms are mission-specific, focusing on airspace deterrence or submarine hunting as primary roles.
Frigates Frigates are the economical answer to the Destroyer, given roughly the same Blue Water / deep water capabilities and broad weapons / mission set. Similarly, they can support rotorcraft and operate independently or as part of the main fighting fleet. Their hull design bridges the gap between the dimensionally larger Destroyer and the smaller Corvette.
Corvettes Corvettes typically represent the ‘smallest’ named vessels of the fleet. These are relatively compact hulls capable of operating in Blue Water environments as well as close-to-shore depending on draught depth. Corvettes can prove to be an economical measure for specific powers finding Frigate types out-of-scope and can also serve well those nations showcasing long-running coastlines.
Submarines Conventionally- (diesel-electric) and nuclear-powered submersible hull designs are grouped together in the GFP analysis. Additionally, there is no distinction made between dedicated-attack, ballistic missile, and nuclear-attack types. Compact ‘midget’ submarines are also included as they still form portions of some fleets (as is the case for North Korea and Iran).
Patrol Vessels The Patrol Vessel category is purposely broad and includes Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) types as well as gunboats, missile boats, fast-attack craft, and – in some cases – riverine assets. These boats are given shallow draughts for their specific operating environments and will typically serve as deterrent and enforcement assets in the grand scheme of the surface fleet.
Mine Warfare Mine Warfare and Mine / Countermine assets are a generally overlooked portion of any surface fleet but prove just as critical as other designs particularly in times of war where their capabilities allow for denial of strategic waterways or participation in ‘siege tactics’ against harbors and ports.
The GFP analysis reflects their importance in modern naval warfare. End-use products reflect a given nation’s ability to produce products through manufacturing, industry, and / or agriculture. AUTOS BARLEY BEVRGES CEMENT CHEMICLS CIRCUITS COAL CORN ELCTRNCS FARMMACH IRON MILK PORK POTATOES RAPESEED SHPBLDG STEEL SGRBEETS TEXTILES TRTICALE WHEAT The GFP index tracks crude Oil (petroleum) and (new as of 2023) Natural Gas and Coal usage / reserves / stock for each country. Natural resources are critical to a nation in both war and peace time, in some cases forming the lifeblood of a given world power.2022 showed just how natural resources can be ‘weaponized’ by one party over another. 39 / 145 Oil Production: 135,000 bbl 104 / 145 Oil Consumption: 2,350,000 bbl Oil Deficit: -2,215,000 bbl 54 / 145 Oil Proven Reserves: 115,200,000 bbl 46 / 145 Natural Gas Production: 5,128,909,000 cu.m 101 / 145 Natural Gas Consumption: 87,546,767,000 cu.m Natural Gas Deficit: -82,417,858,000 cu.m 67 / 145 Nat.Gas Proven Rez: 23,390,000,000 cu.m 8 / 145 Coal Production: 114,860,000 mt 109 / 145 Coal Consumption: 145,379,000 mt Coal Deficit: -30,519,000 mt 7 / 145 Coal Proven Reserves: 35,900,000,000 mt Oil bbl represented as unit ‘barrel of oil’. Natural Gas represented in ‘cubic meters’. Coal represented in ‘metric tons’. The GFP formula tracks various factors related to logistics which prove critical to any one global power in both war and peace time. 14 / 145 Labor Force: 44,585,000 30 / 145 Merchant Marine Fleet: 599 8 / 145 Ports / Trade Terminals: 13 11 / 145 Airports: 539 12 / 145 Roadway Coverage: 625,000 km 7 / 145 Railway Coverage: 33,590 km 20 / 145 Waterways (usable): 7,467 km FINANCIALS – Values partly derived from the CIA World Factbook and presented in USD ($). Estimates made when needed. GEOGRAPHY – Values derived from the CIA World Factbook. As geography can play a role in both offensive and defensive wars, the GFP formula takes geographic qualities into account (border coverage, coastline coverage).
CAPITAL – Basic details covering the name, population, temperature, and precipitation values of a given capital city. MANPOWER – Values partly derived from the CIA World Factbook. Some values may be estimated. AIRPOWER – Values derived from multiple sources. Estimates made when required. Total Aircraft Strength value includes both fixed-wing and rotorcraft platforms from all branches of service (at this time UAVs are not included).
‘Attack’ value constitutes purpose-built, fixed-wing dedicated attack types. ‘Transports’ value includes only fixed-wing aircraft while all rotorcraft are represented under the ‘Helicopters’ value. For an in-depth look into the current air powers of the world, consider ” the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft “,
- LAND FORCES – Values derived from multiple sources.
- Estimates made when required.
- ‘Tanks’ value includes Main Battle Tanks (MBTs), medium tanks, and light tanks.
- ‘Vehicles’ value includes APCs, IFVs, MRAPs, Armored Cars, and support / logistical / engineering types.
- ‘Rocket Projectors’ (MLRSs) include self-propelled and towed forms.
NAVAL FORCES – Values derived from multiple sources. Estimates made when required. ‘Total Assets’ value includes all possible / available vessels including auxiliaries. ‘Aircraft Carriers’ value includes only traditional through-deck carriers (both conventionally- and nuclear-powered); Helicopter Carriers are considered in their own separate listing.
- ‘Submarines’ value includes both diesel-electric and nuclear-powered types.
- Landlocked nations are not penalized for the lack of a standing navy.
- For an in-depth look into the current naval powers of the world, consider ” the World Directory of Modern Military Warships “,
- END-USE PRODUCTS – Graphics intended to showcase manufacturing, industrial, and agricultural prowess of a global power.
Not all products may be accounted for in the showcase. NATURAL RESOURCES – Values derived from the CIA World Factbook or estimated in some cases. Values presented as BBL (Barrel unit), cu.m (Cubic Meters), and mt (Metric Tons). LOGISTICS – Values derived from the CIA World Factbook.
What does chief guest mean?
Chief guest refers to the most important guest at a function whereas guest of honor refers to the person in whose honor a festivity or ceremony is held.
How many years of Republic Day 2023 in India?
Republic Day 2023 – Republic Day 2023: India to celebrate its 74th Republic Day on 26th January 2023. On this day, the Constitution of India was adopted in the year 1950. Republic Day is one of the most important National Holidays in India which is also known as Gantantra Diwas.26th January 1950 makes the establishment of the Indian Constitution was prepared by the members of the Constituent Assembly which emerged after the brutal colonial past.
Republic Day is celebrated every year throughout the nation with great fervor and enthusiasm. This year too, Republic Day 2023 will be celebrated with events like parades, cultural programs, rallies, etc. There will be several colorful events on the Kartavya Path including military parades and other activities.
In these activities, school children also take part and showcase their talents. Republic Day Celebrations 2023 begins in New Delhi
How many times representatives from the United Kingdom have been invited to the Republic Day parade in India?
Who among the following was the Special Guest of India’s Option 1 : Yingluck Shinawatra Free 150 Questions 200 Marks 120 Mins The correct answer is Yingluck Shinawatra,
The prime minister of Thailand, Yingluck Shinawatra was the Special Guest of India’s 63rd Republic Day celebration,
List of Chief guest on Republic Day:
|2021||Prime Minister Boris Johnson (canceled his visit)||United Kingdom|
|2020||President Jair Bolsonaro||Brazil|
|2019||President Cyril Ramaphosa||South Africa|
|2018||Ten guests (Heads of ASEAN states)||Ten countries|
|2017||Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan||United Arab Emirates|
|2016||President François Hollande||France|
|2015||President Barack Obama||United States|
|2014||Prime Minister Shinzo Abe||Japan|
ul> On 26 January 1950, Indonesian President Sukarno was the first Chief guest on the very first Republic Day parade of India. Representatives from the United Kingdom and France have been invited 5 times each, Angela Dorothea Merkel is a German politician serving as the chancellor of Germany since 2005,
Merkel became the first female Chancellor of Germany in 2005 and is serving her fourth term. According to the Fobes 2020, Angela Dorothea Merkel is the most powerful woman in the world.
Sheikh Hasina Wajed, the longest-serving prime minister in the history of Bangladesh, is currently serving her fourth term,
She ranked 39th in the list of Forbes 2020 most powerful woman in the world.
Thaksin Shinawatra is the former Prime Minister of Thailand ( 2001 to 2006 ),
India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 4.3 Crore+ Students : Who among the following was the Special Guest of India’s
What is the significance of 26 January in India?
Republic Day is one of the most important national festivals in India. It is celebrated with great pomp and show every year. This year marks the 74th Republic Day of India. Republic Day commemorates the spirit of independent India. The country marks it as a national holiday to commemorate the establishment of the Indian Constitution.
- Republic Day celebrates the adoption of the Indian Constitution.
- Read Also Happy Republic Day 2023: Top 50 Wishes, Messages, Quotes, Images and Greetings to share with your family and friends on Republic Day of India Republic Day Wishes & Messages: India declared itself a Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state with the adoption of the Constitution on January 26, 1950.
Hence on this day every year the union government along with the citizens observe the Republic Day. The constitution was adopted by the Indian Happy Republic Day 2023: Images, Quotes, Wishes, Messages, Cards, Greetings, Pictures and GIFs Republic Day is observed on January 26, to commemorate the adoption of the Indian Constitution.
The Constitution of India came into effect in the year 1950 on January 26. The date January 26 was selected because of its significance in the freedom struggle. On this day, in the year 1930 the Indian India Republic Day 2023: Parade, Flag hoisting time, celebration and all you need to know This year India will be celebrating its 74th Republic Day.
This day is celebrated all across India with lots of patriotism and fervor. Magnificent parades by regiments of the Indian army, navy, the air force, police, and paramilitary forces will be witnessed at Rajpath, Delhi. India’s defensive Happy Republic Day 2023: Best Messages, Quotes, Wishes, Images, Greetings and Photos to share on Republic Day of India Send these greetings, wishes, messages, and Quotes on Republic Day to your loved ones and family.
Happy Republic Day 2023: Wishes, Messages, Quotes, Images, Greetings, Facebook & Whatsapp status Republic Day is celebrated to mark the date on which the Constitution of India came into existence in the year 1950. The Indian Constitution was adopted on 26th January 1950 and was made by the Drafting Committee, headed by Dr BR Ambedkar.
The Drafting Committee got rid of 2,400 amendments while debating and deliberating the constitution, out of nearly 7,600 amendments tabled. The last session of the Constituent Assembly was held on 26 November 1949, and that is when the Constitution was adopted.
It was on 26 January 1950 that it came into effect following the signatures of the 284 members who signed it. The Indian Constitution affirms India’s existence as an independent republic.26 January was chosen as the date because on this day in 1930, the Indian National Congress revealed Purna Swaraj, opposing the British Regime’s Dominion status and thus declaring India’s independence from colonial rule.
India’s constitution replaced the British colonial Government of India Act (1935) as the country’s governing text. On 26 January 1950, the Preamble to the Constitution of India presenting the key principles of the Constitution came into effect. This completed the country’s transition to a sovereign republic.
The Constitution states fundamental rights that are to be enjoyed by all citizens of this country. It also establishes fundamental duties for all citizens of the country to abide by. The independence came through the Indian Independence Act 1947, an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that partitioned British India into the two new independent Dominions.
India obtained its independence on 15 August 1947. Republic Day 2023 will be celebrated on January 26 in Delhi’s Kartavya Path. The Republic Day parade is a televised event that millions of Indians watch from their homes. This year, the Republic Day parade 2023 will begin on the newly-constructed Kartavya Path, formerly known as Rajpath.
The parade will be broadcast live on news channels and radio stations, allowing millions of Indians to watch from their homes. On January 26, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, President Droupadi Murmu, and other top leaders will walk along the Kartavya Path. This time, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi will be the Chief Guest of the 74th Republic Day celebrations.
The Republic Day 2023 celebrations will begin with the flag unfurling ceremony. President Droupadi Murmu will raise the national flag. The Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Air Force will march alongside their regiments and bands will perform at Kartavya Path on January 26.
This would be followed by the presentation of state tableaux displaying their culture. Beating the Retreat ceremony is also an essential part of the Republic Day celebrations. The splendid event takes place on January 29 every year and marks the culmination of the four-day-long Republic Day celebrations.
Bands of the three wings of the military – Indian Air Force, Indian Army, and Indian Navy – perform in the ceremony. You can watch the Republic Day Parade and the Beating the Retreat ceremony on television. You can also experience these events in person.
When is the Indian Republic Day celebrated? Indian Republic Day is celebrated every year on January 26. Who is the President of India? Droupadi Murmu is the President of India. Why is Republic Day celebrated? Republic Day is a public holiday in India where the country marks and celebrates the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950. What is meant by the Republic of India? Though India became a free nation on August 15, 1947, it declared itself a Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state with the adoption of the Constitution on January 26, 1950. Why is India called a republic? India is called a republic because its head is an elected one. In India the representatives are elected by the people of the country. The representatives elected by citizens have the power to make decisions on our behalf. In India there exists an elected head of state, i.e., the President.
What is the significance of the beating retreat ceremony?
Beating Retreat Ceremony – January 26 th, every year, is observed as Republic Day to commemorate the signing of the Constitution of India, Since the Indian Constitution took effect on January 26, 1950, this day is observed with much ceremony. On the other hand, there is another Republic Day celebration that takes place on January 29 th every year, and that is the Beating Retreat Ceremony.