### Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2023-24

Contents

- 1 What is the 12th total marks of all subjects Kerala syllabus?
- 2 Who is father of physics?
- 3 What subjects fall under physics?
- 4 How many chapters are in physics?

#### What is syllabus of physics?

CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Physics 2023-24 – PDF Download

- Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields
- Electric charges, Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-force between twopoint charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
- Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field.
- Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).
- Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
- Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two-point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor (no derivation, formulae only).

### How many chapters are there in Physics Class 12 Kerala syllabus?

SCERT Kerala Physics Textbooks for Class 12 – Click on the links below to download the Kerala Syllabus 12th Standard Physics Textbooks. These for Physics are the best tools for students to prepare for the Kerala Board Class 12 board exams. Kerala Board Class 12 Physics textbook deals with concepts such as Electric Charges and Fields, Current Electricity, Electromagnetic Waves, Atoms and more.

#### How many units are there in physics class 12?

Unit-wise CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2023-24 – The CBSE syllabus for Class 12 Physics consists of 9 units, The Physics paper has a duration of 3 hours and carries 70 marks. Students should practise previous question papers based on syllabus to score well in the exam.

#### Is physics very difficult?

Physics is no doubt one of the highest-scoring subjects. Having said that, it is also true that understanding physics isn’t an easy feat. In fact, some students have a hard time even getting the basic concepts of physics. So, that brings up a question that is physics hard ? Well, physics isn’t really a hard subject. Basic Representation of Physics Physics isn’t just all about the numbers, people. This subject forces you to come out of your comfort zone and think about abstract concepts and represent those concepts using concrete mathematics. Hence, one thing is clear. If you want to master the subject of Physics, it is important to know maths a little bit.

#### Why physics is a difficult subject?

Reasons Why Students Think Physics Is Hard – Most students find learning physics hard and boring, rightfully so. But have you ever tried to figure out what are those factors that affect your learning process? I bet no. Well, we will solve the confusion for you. Here are some most known and common reasons why learning physics is hard:

Physics requires enhanced problem-solving skills.Students need to have very critical thinking while practicing certain concepts of physics.Solving physics equations, problems, and numerical also requires a strong command of mathematics.Students need to have a very clear understanding of theorems and the laws of physics.Physics is very abstract.Students need to have very good drawing skills to draw and interpret graphs and diagrams.Physics is a very cumulative subject. You will have to clear all the previous concepts to understand the future topics and concepts. Why? Because every topic in physics is linked with each other.Students also need to enhance their problem-solving skills to solve problems, numerical, and equations.The subject contains very complex concepts and sometimes acts like an experimental science.The calculations and formulas in physics problems can become pretty boring and serious.Concepts like potential energy, kinetic energy, vector quantities, scalar quantities, and hand rules are very difficult and confusing.It is a very complex and complicated combination of computer science, mathematics, and basic science.Students have to learn and memorize countless laws and definitions.You also have to use concepts like geometry, algebra, and calculus to solve physics problems.Students will often need to transfer graphs into mathematical forms.

#### Which is the biggest chapter of Class 12 Physics?

Optics is the biggest unit of Class 12th Physics.

## What is the 12th total marks of all subjects Kerala syllabus?

Kerala Board Exam Pattern 2023 Each and every subject carries 100 marks including practical and theoretical sections. A candidate needs to secure at least 30% marks in each subject as well as 30% aggregate marks to pass the exam.

## Who is father of physics?

Father of Physics Overview – Galileo Galilei, an Italian mathematician, astronomer, and physicist, was dubbed the “Father of Physics” for his significant contribution to determining the motion of things and developing the telescope. He used his telescope to detect the phases of Venus as well as the four biggest moons of Jupiter.

#### Who is the father of physics in India?

Father of Physics in India – If you are curious about the father of physics in India, check out the table below about the Top Physicists in India. Read to know their important contribution to the field of Physics.

Father of Physics in India | Role |

Sir C.V. Raman. | Field of light scattering. |

Satyendranath Bose. | He specialized in theoretical physics. |

Meghnad Saha. | Developed the Saha ionization equation, which describes chemical and physical conditions in stars. |

Homi J. Bhabha. | He is known for the Indian nuclear program Cascade process of Cosmic radiation point particles. |

Subrahmanyam Chandrashekhar. | He did theoretical studies of the physical processes of the structure and evolution of the stars. |

Vikram Sarabhai. | Initiated space research and helped create nuclear power in India. |

G.N Ramachandran. | He created the Ramachandran plot for understanding peptide structure. |

Jayant Narlikar. | He developed the conformal gravity theory, known as Hoyle–Narlikar theory. It synthesizes Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity and Mach’s principle. |

Harish Chandra. | He did his entire work in representation theory, especially harmonic analysis on semisimple Lie groups. |

Sandip Chakrabarti. | He designed a computer model to show how life on earth could have formed in outer space. |

### Which is the easiest chapter in modern physics?

For PHYSICS : The easiest chapters among all the syllabus is the modern Physics, Radioactivity, kinematics( it is very scoring), Thermodynamics, waves and optics.

#### How hard is physics 12?

You know the old, “If I had a nickel” line? For instances like this, I wish it could come true, because if I had a nickel for every time someone asked me about grade 12 physics, I’m sure I could’ve paid my way through first-year university. Physics is notorious for being one of the more difficult courses in high school, and tends to be the first course that gets dropped when grade 12 rolls around.

The question of “should I take physics?” is the most frequent question I get asked, especially being someone who chose to pursue the life sciences. So the question is: should you take grade 12 physics? Let’s start from the beginning. Room (I mean list) of Requirements Before you go making any choices about taking/dropping any course, it’s important to look at the programs you’re applying to, and see what they’re looking for.

If you’re planning to go into an engineering, computer science, or physical sciences stream, most often physics is on the required list of courses. So, if you’re even considering entering one of those streams, physics is a must-have. This was one of the reasons I continued to take it: I’d applied to pursue both engineering and life science, so if I ended up wanting to become an engineer, I would’ve needed that course.

Another thing to consider (and one that can be overlooked by life science applicants) are the required courses for your first-year classes. It’s possible that a first-year physics class may require grade 12 physics, and missing that credit would require you to make it up in university. Often, universities will offer grade 12 equivalencies if you’re missing the credit, but taking those in first year can often make you feel like you’re being left behind.

So, make sure you check the course requirements — yes, even for life science — to see if you need it. If you don’t take 12U, at LEAST take 11U Okay, so you’ve checked your course requirements, and you’ve found that physics isn’t on the list. Huzzah! However, this doesn’t mean you can opt to take zero physics courses altogether.

Most of the time, grade 11 physics is a requirement for the physics classes in first-year, and not taking it can put you in a hard place. Again, having to make-up for high school courses in university can be challenging, since it means finishing up your required course list later in the year (and having less space for electives).

If you can, I highly recommend that you at least take grade 11 physics, even if it means taking it in grade 12. It makes your life so much easier. But honestly, there are actual reasons to take physics in high school. Physics is pretty cool! I’m a bit of an outlier when it comes to my love of physics.

While it may not seem like it, physics is one of my favourite topics. One of my passions is understanding how things work, and physics is one of the biggest ways you can do that. Fun story: we’d learned about coaxial cables in grade 12 physics, which are used in cords and wiring to ensure the fields generated from the current running through the wire (like in a laptop charger) don’t interfere with the technology surrounding it.

Driven by my curiosity, when I went to visit my friend at U of T, I made an interesting first impression on her roommate as I proceeded to excitedly strip the rubber away from her broken MacBook charger and look at the structure of the coaxial cable (I asked first, don’t worry).

Case and point, she may have thought I was the biggest- and weirdest- nerd on the whole planet, but to me, all that mattered was the fact that I got to see the physics theory I’d learned be put into practice. To me, that’s the coolest thing about physics: it really is a science that’s applicable (at least on the high school level) to everything that goes on around you.

You have the ability to break something down and fully understand it for what it is. Why things happen isn’t a mystery, but a puzzle that can be solved with known concepts and theories. Even the smallest things can change your world view: when I first learned about forces and free-body diagrams in grade 11, I was in shock for at least a week! The science behind everything, from rainbows to springs, can put a lot of the real world into a scientific context.

Isn’t it cool when things make sense? Learning the hard life lessons However, while physics is one of my favourite subjects, I’ll openly admit it was one of my least favourite subjects to be evaluated on (I only began to truly appreciate physics AFTER high school). While I was going through it, I definitely didn’t have the ideal classroom experience (this can vary depending on your instructor; most are really good): lessons tended to move through a lot of content at once, and we barely took time to explain the mechanics behind it.

Problems were thrown up on the board, and you were expected to know how to solve it “using your physics knowledge” (um miss, I don’t have that yet THAT’S WHY I’M IN THIS COURSE), and so on and so forth. I was so confused: in all of my other classes, everything was explained to me before I even attempted to solve a problem! Is this how physics was supposed to be? Why am I advocating for physics if this all happened? After weeks and weeks of this, I can say I learned a big life lesson during grade 12 physics, which I carry with me to this day: sometimes, you just need to persevere.

Again, disclaimer: I realized all of this after grade 12. While I learned that my problems weren’t a result of the content, but of the presentation of the content, this course eventually taught me how to be resilient. I learned so much from taking on a course where I had to grit my teeth and bear it. I self-taught as best as I could.

I went and connected with friends who could help me understand more. While I may have taken the L on a couple of assignments/tests, I survived the course altogether. And in the end, I did leave with some pretty cool and relevant knowledge. When I got to university, I found myself very prepared for my first-year classes.

Physics in university was understandable, thanks to the knowledge that I had gained during high school. But the most helpful part was my experience with resilience and stress; I could handle the workload, having had to juggle the three sciences — alongside calculus and english — before. Physics taught me how to fail, but also how to pick myself up and keep going.

It’s up to you If you’re wondering if you’ll survive the course, I can easily answer that: yes, yes you will. And if you’re wondering if it gets better, I promise it does. I loved my university physics course, and I know part of that was because I understood a lot of it from grades 11 and 12.

I made it through grade 12 and half of my first year, and I can say with great confidence that, after taking a lot of time to reflect, the sequence of events that brought be here helped me so much (yes, including physics). Choosing to take grade 12 physics comes down to what you want to do with your time.

In grade 12, you don’t have much time to spare, so making the most out of your courses, your day, and eventually your year, will always lead to a positive outcome on your end. If you know that physics isn’t for you, and that you would be sacrificing your own well-being to stay in the course, then you have every reason to choose something else.

### Which chapter has highest weightage in physics class 12?

The Class 12 Physics Syllabus is divided into major 9 units with each unit containing one or more chapters. The maximum weightage is carried by the units Electromagnetic Waves and Optics. These units together carry a total of 18 marks.

### What is the hardest physics?

Quantum mechanics is deemed the hardest part of physics.

### Which is harder math or physics?

5. Prepare Wisely for Exams – Always try to start your in advance. It is not only hard to retain and recall last-minute lessons but also quite unthinkable to cover all the chapters in a limited amount of time. Begin your preparation earlier, so you can have the time to assess yourself and recognise areas that need extra attention.

This also gives you sufficient time to resolve doubts with your teachers. Try to solve several practice papers to amplify your confidence in the subject. Physics can be challenging as it demands applied thinking and problem-solving — skills that can only be developed through practice. Give yourself some time to get familiar with concepts, especially the basics.

Add on some hard work and you will be on your way to better grades in physics. Who knows, you might even fall in love with the subject and consider pursuing a ! What is a study tip that helped you improve in physics? Go on, share in the comments below.

- Also read: 1.
- Why is Physics harder than Math? Answer: Physics demands problem-solving skills that can be developed only with practice.
- It also involves theoretical concepts, mathematical calculations and laboratory experiments that adds to the challenging concepts.2.
- How can I make Physics easier? Answer: 1.

Get clarity on basic concepts 2. Use flash cards to understand better 3. Improve your math skills 4. Be attentive in class 5. Review your notes and always set aside enough time to revise 3. How to get an A in Physics? Answer: 1. Make good notes 2. Practice important equations 3.

#### Is physics harder than biology?

Why biology is harder than physics Rosie Redfield says, Beginning university students in the sciences usually consider biology to be much easier than physics or chemistry. From their experience in high school, physics has math and formulae that must be understood to be applied correctly, but the study of biology relies mainly on memorization.

- But in reality biology is much more complex than the physical sciences, and understanding it requires more, not less, brain work.
- Read the rest over at RRTeaching,
- Rosie makes a point that I’ve also tried to make, but she does a better job.Rosie is a Professor at the second best (in my opinion) university in Canada.

For another perspective, check out the views of a physics-trained graduate student (Philip Johnson) who works here at the best university in Canada, After expressing some skepticism, Philip closes with, I hope someone in the social sciences gets wind of this and belittles biologists.

#### How to make physics easy?

Download Article Download Article For some lucky individuals, being good at physics comes naturally. For the rest of us, however, getting a good grade in physics requires a significant amount of hard work. Luckily, by learning important foundational skills and practicing often, almost anyone can master their physics material.

- 1 Memorize basic constants. In physics, certain forces, like the accelerating force of gravity on earth, are assigned mathematical constants. This is simply a fancy way of saying that these forces are usually represented as the same number regardless of where or how they’re used.
- Gravity (on earth): 9.81 meters/second 2
- Speed of light: 3 × 10 8 meters/second
- Molar gas constant: 8.32 Joules/(mole × Kelvin)
- Avogadro’s number: 6.02 × 10 23 per mole
- Planck’s Constant: 6.63 × 10 -34 Joules × seconds

- 2 Memorize basic equations. In physics, the relationships between the many different forces acting in the universe are described with equations. Some of these equations are very simple, while some are enormously complex. Having the simplest equations memorized and knowing how to use them is critical when tackling both simple and complex problems.

Even difficult and confusing problems are often solved by using several simple equations or modifying these simple equations so that they fit new situations. These basic equations are the easiest part of physics to learn, and if you know them well, the odds are that you will at least know some part of every complex problem you face.

Just a few of the most important equations are:

- Velocity = Change in position/Change in time (v=dx/dt)
- Acceleration = Change in velocity/Change in time (a=dv/dt)
- Current velocity = Initial velocity + (Acceleration × time) (v=v 0 +a×t)
- Force = Mass × acceleration (F=m×a)
- Kinetic energy = (1/2)Mass × velocity 2 (K=(1/2)m×v)
- Work = Displacement × force (W=d×F)
- Power = Change in work/Change in time (P=dW/dt)
- Momentum = Mass × velocity (p=m×v)

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- 3 Study the derivation of basic equations. Having your simple equations memorized is one thing — understanding why these equations work is another entirely. If you can, take time to learn how each basic physics equation is derived. This gives you a much clearer understanding of the relationship between the equations and makes you a more versatile problems-solver.
- For example, let’s look at a very simple equation: Acceleration = Change in velocity/Change in time, or a = Delta(v)/Delta(t). Acceleration is the force that causes an object’s velocity to change. If an object has an initial velocity of v 0 at time t 0 and a final velocity of v at time t, the object can be said to accelerate as it changes from v 0 to v. Acceleration can’t be instantaneous — no matter how fast it occurs, there will be some time difference between when the object is traveling at its initial velocity and when it reaches its final velocity. Thus, a = (v – v 0 /t – t 0 ) = Delta(v)/Delta(t).

- 4 Learn the math skills required to do physics problems. Math is often said to be “the language of physics.” Becoming an expert in the fundamentals of math is a great way to improve your ability to master physics problems. Some complex physics equations even require specialized mathematical skills (like taking derivatives and integrals) to be solved.
- Pre-algebra and algebra (for basic equations and “find the unknown” problems)
- Trigonometry (for force diagrams, rotation problems, and angled systems)
- Geometry (for problems dealing with area, volume, etc.)
- Precalculus and calculus (for taking derivatives and integrals of physics equations — usually advanced topics)
- Linear algebra (for calculations involving vectors — usually advanced topics).

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- 1 Focus on the important information in every problem. Physics problems often contain “red herrings” — information that isn’t needed to solve the problem. When reading a physics problem, identify the pieces of information that you are given, then determine what you are trying to solve for.
- For example, let’s say that we need to find the acceleration that a car experiences as its velocity changes over two seconds. If the car weighs 1,000 kilograms, starts moving at 9 m/s and ends at 22 m/s, we can say that v 0 = 9 m/s, v = 22 m/s, m = 1,000 t = 2 s. As noted above, the standard acceleration equation is a = (v – v 0 /t – t 0 ). Note that this doesn’t take the object’s mass into account, so we can ignore the fact that the car weighs 1,000 kg.
- Thus, we would solve as follows: a = (v – v 0 /t – t 0 ) = ((22 – 9)/(2 – 0)) = (13/2) = 6.5 m/s 2

- 2 Use the correct units for every problem. Forgetting to label your answer or using the incorrect units is a sure-fire way to miss easy points. To make sure you get full credit for whatever problem you’re doing, be sure to label your answer with its correct units based on the type of information being expressed.
- Mass: Grams or kilograms
- Force: Newtons
- Velocity: meters/second (sometimes kilometers/hour)
- Acceleration meters/second 2
- Energy/Work: Joules or kilojoules
- Power: Watts

- 3 Don’t forget small details (like friction, drag, etc.). Physics problems are usually models of real-world situations — that is, they simplify the actual way that things work to make the situation easier to understand. Sometimes, this means that forces that can change the outcome of a problem (like, for instance, friction) are deliberately left out of the problem.
- For example, let’s say that a problem asks you to find the rate that a 5 kilogram wooden block accelerates along a smooth floor if pushed with a force of 50 newtons. Since F = m × a, the answer may seem to be as simple as solving for a in the equation 50 = 5 × a. However, in the real world, the force of friction will act against the forward motion of the object, effectively reducing the force it’s being pushed with. Leaving this out of the problem will result in an answer that has the block accelerating slightly faster than it actually would.

- 4 Double-check your answers. An average-difficulty physics problem can easily involve a dozen or so mathematical calculations. An error in any of these can cause your answer to be off, so pay close attention to your math as you work and, if you have time, double-check your answer at the end to make sure your math “adds up.”
- While simply re-doing your work is one way to check your math, you may also want to use common sense to relate your problem to real life as a way of checking your answer. For example, if you’re trying to find the momentum (mass × velocity) of an object moving in the forward direction, you wouldn’t expect a negative answer, since mass can’t be negative and velocity is only negative if it’s in the “negative” direction (i.e., opposite the “forward” direction in your frame of reference). Thus, if you get a negative, answer, you’ve probably made an error in your calculations somewhere along the line.

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- 1 Read the topic before the lecture. Ideally, you shouldn’t come across new physics concepts for the very first time in class. Instead, try, reading upcoming lessons in your textbook the day before they’ll be covered in class. Don’t fixate on the precise mathematics of the topic — at this stage, focus on grasping the general concepts and trying to grasp what is being discussed. This will give you a solid foundation of knowledge upon which you’ll be able to apply the mathematical skills you’ll learn in class.
- 2 Pay attention during class. During class, the teacher will explain the concepts you encountered in your pre-reading and clarify any areas of the material that you don’t understand well. Take notes and ask plenty of questions. Your teacher will probably go through the mathematics of the topic.
- If you have lingering questions after class, talk to your teacher. Try to make your questions as specific as possible — this shows the teacher that you were listening. If the teacher isn’t busy, she or he will probably be able to schedule an appointment to go over the material with you and help you understand it.
- You could even ask your professor or teacher if they would be willing to let you record the lectures so that you can listen to them again later. This would allow you to ask for clarification on anything that is still unclear to you after re-listening to the lecture.

- 3 Review your notes at home. To finish off the task of studying and polish your physics knowledge, take a few moments to go over your notes as soon as you have a chance at home. Doing this will help you retain the knowledge you’ve gained from the day’s class. The longer you wait after you take your notes to review them, the more difficult to remember they will be and the more “foreign” the concepts will seem, so be proactive and cement your knowledge by reviewing your notes at home.
- 4 Solve practice questions. Just like math, writing, or programming, solving physics problems is a mental skill. The more you use this skill, the easier it will become. If you’re struggling with physics, be sure to get plenty of practice solving problems. This will not only prepare you for exams but will help make many concepts clearer as you make your way through the material.
- If you’re not happy with your grade in physics, don’t be content to simply use the problems assigned in your homework for practice. Make the extra effort to complete problems you wouldn’t normally encounter — these can be problems in your textbook that aren’t assigned to you, free problems online, or even problems in physics practice books (usually sold at academic bookstores).

- 5 Use the sources of help that are available to you. You don’t have to try to endure a difficult physics course by yourself — depending on your schooling situation, there may be literally dozens of ways to get help. Seek out and use any help resources you need to get a better understanding of your physics material.
- Your teacher (via after-school appointment)
- Your friends (via study groups and homework sessions)
- Tutors (either privately-hired or as part of a school program)
- Third-party resources (like physics problem books, educational sites like Khan Academy, and so on)

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- Question Do you really need to double-check every answer? Sean Alexander is an Academic Tutor specializing in teaching mathematics and physics. Sean is the Owner of Alexander Tutoring, an academic tutoring business that provides personalized studying sessions focused on mathematics and physics. With over 15 years of experience, Sean has worked as a physics and math instructor and tutor for Stanford University, San Francisco State University, and Stanbridge Academy. Physics Tutor Expert Answer
- Question Why are physics problems so complicated? Sean Alexander is an Academic Tutor specializing in teaching mathematics and physics. Sean is the Owner of Alexander Tutoring, an academic tutoring business that provides personalized studying sessions focused on mathematics and physics. With over 15 years of experience, Sean has worked as a physics and math instructor and tutor for Stanford University, San Francisco State University, and Stanbridge Academy. Physics Tutor Expert Answer Support wikiHow by unlocking this expert answer. They’re difficult because so many physics problems require multiple steps that you have to follow, and even the tiniest deviation from a step can cause your answer to be off. This is why it’s so important that you understand the underlying principles behind why you’re doing what you’re doing! It’s a lot harder to arrive at the right conclusion if you aren’t aware of how you’re navigating the problem.
- Question Is physics really that difficult? Sean Alexander is an Academic Tutor specializing in teaching mathematics and physics. Sean is the Owner of Alexander Tutoring, an academic tutoring business that provides personalized studying sessions focused on mathematics and physics. With over 15 years of experience, Sean has worked as a physics and math instructor and tutor for Stanford University, San Francisco State University, and Stanbridge Academy. Physics Tutor Expert Answer

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- Discuss your notes and topics with your classmate or your friend. This will help both you and your classmate.
- Concentrate on the concepts. It always helps to form a mental “picture” of what’s happening.

Show More Tips Advertisement Article Summary X To do well in physics, start by reading the topic before the lecture, focusing on the general concepts to get a basic idea of what will be discussed in class. During the lecture, take detailed notes and ask a lot of questions to help clarify things you don’t understand very well.

## What subjects fall under physics?

What to expect from a physics degree – Alongside practical work and experimentation, physics degrees will also include lots of theoretical learning and complex mathematics – so make sure that’s something you’re prepared for. Physics students will learn about the history of the profession and the physicists who paved the way for our modern understanding of the world.

Often this will be accompanied by introductions to various essential principles and laws, which in turn will be divided into a number of more specialized study modules. Key physics topics include electricity and magnetism, space and time, thermodynamics, quantum physics, relativity, geophysics, fluid dynamics, astronomy and geology, to name but a few.

First year studies will focus on the fundamentals of classic and modern physics, plus a whole lot of mathematic formulae. As you progress through your physics degree you will move on to more complex mathematics, as well as more complex modern theorems such as quantum and relativity.

### Is physics full of math?

A tale of two disciplines – Math and physics are two closely connected fields. For physicists, math is a tool used to answer questions. For example, Newton invented calculus to help describe motion. For mathematicians, physics can be a source of inspiration, with theoretical concepts such as general relativity and quantum theory providing an impetus for mathematicians to develop new tools.

- But despite their close connections, physics and math research relies on distinct methods.
- As the systematic study of how matter behaves, physics encompasses the study of both the great and the small, from galaxies and planets to atoms and particles.
- Questions are addressed using combinations of theories, experiments, models, and observations to either support or refute new ideas about the nature of the universe.

In contrast, math is focused on abstract topics such as quantity (number theory), structure (algebra), and space (geometry). Mathematicians look for patterns and develop new ideas and theories using pure logic and mathematical reasoning. Instead of experiments or observations, mathematicians use proofs to support their ideas.

- While physicists rely heavily on math for calculations in their work, they don’t work towards a fundamental understanding of abstract mathematical ideas in the way that mathematicians do.
- Physicists “want answers, and the way they get answers is by doing computations,” says mathematician Tony Pantev,

“But in mathematics, the computations are just a decoration on top of the cake. You have to understand everything completely, then you do a computation.” This fundamental difference leads researchers in both fields to use the analogy of language, highlighting a need to “translate” ideas in order to make progress and understand one another. Kamien works on physics problems in that have a strong connection to geometry and topology and encourages his students to understand problems as mathematicians do. “Understanding things for the sake of understanding them is worthwhile, and connecting them to things that other people know is also worthwhile,” he says.

- A physicist comes to us, asks, ‘How do you prove that this is true?’ and we immediately show them it’s false,” says mathematician Ron Donagi,
- But we keep talking, and the trick is not to do what they say to do but what they mean, a translation of the problem.” In addition to differences in methodology and language, math and physics also have different research cultures.

In physics, papers might involve dozens of co-authors and institutions, with researchers publishing work several times per year. In contrast, mathematicians might work on a single problem that takes years to complete with a small number of collaborators.

### What is basic physics course?

Basic Physics This is an algebra-based course dealing with basic Physics concepts, including dynamics, fluids, waves, electromagnetism and basic optics. Emphasis is placed on the development of problem-solving skills through the use of Mastery based course delivery.

- PHYS 118 may be taken as an elective or in place of PHYS 115 + 116 in the following programs: BSCH MAJ BIOL, GEOL, PSYC and ENSC, and in the BSC General in Geology and Life Sciences.
- PHYS 118 does not include a physical lab component and will not substitute for PHYS 117 in the following BSCH programs: Physics, Chemistry.
- For more information, please consult the Undergraduate Chair in your department, or an academic advisor.

By the end of the course students will be able to:

- Students will be able to identify and interpret the laws of nature as summarized by the fundamental concepts that constitute the foundations of classical physics.
- Students will apply nature’s basic laws describing forces and motion, energy and momentum, and the conservation rules that constrain these laws to real world applications.
- Students will be able to analyze the information contained in various problem scenarios within the context of recognizable physics laws and utilize systematic problem-solving strategies to solve for unknown quantities.

- 3% – Mastery-Based Questions
- 10% – Live Tutorials
- 5% – Weekly Online Homework (EWA)
- 22% – Term Tests (x2)
- 60% – Proctored Final Exam
- *Evaluation subject to change*

Please note that this course may have synchronous sessions. Please contact the instructor for more details.

## How many chapters are in physics?

According to the NCERT(National Council of Educational Research and Training) Physics textbook for Class 12, there is a total of 15 chapters in there as per the latest syllabus prescribed by CBSE( Central Board of Secondary Education). Science is an extremely broad field of study that includes several branches and themes.

- Each subject in the scientific stream has its unique significance in the world at large.
- Science is divided into three major categories, Biology, physics, and chemistry.
- Every other discipline of science stems from these three fundamental subjects.
- When it comes to Physics, is a huge field of study with several areas to examine.

Physics is the natural science that investigates matter, its fundamental elements, its mobility and behaviour in space and time, as well as the associated phenomena of energy and force. Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific fields, with the primary purpose of understanding how the universe functions.

For individuals interested in pursuing a career in physics, there are numerous transdisciplinary subjects and disciplines to choose from. All disciplines of Physics are listed below: · Traditional Physics · Contemporary Physics · Physics of Nuclei · Physics of Atoms · Geophysics · Biophysics · Mechanics · Acoustics · Optics · Thermodynamics · Astrophysics The chapters mentioned below are from the most recent Central Board of Secondary Education syllabus.

The in-depth information supplied for each of these subtopics will walk you through what you can anticipate learning in Class 12 Physics.Names of all the 15 chapters of class 12th physics ncert are given below.1. Electric Charges and Fields.2. Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance.3.

Current Electricity.4. Moving Charges and Magnetism.5. Magnetism and Matter.6. Electromagnetic Induction.7. Altering Current.8. Electromagnetic Waves.9. Ray Optics and Optical Instruments.10. Wave Optics.11. Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter.12. Atoms.13. Nuclei.14. Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices, and Simple Circuits.15.

Communication System. Physics is one of the most fascinating topics, with several intriguing notions. The principles of the topic are taught in the 12th standard. Students must master these principles thoroughly to enhance their talents and lay a solid foundation in the topic.