Sample Paper Class 10 2023 Icse

What is a specimen paper?

How Specimen Papers can Help Students of ICSE Class 10 2024? – Specimen papers can be extremely helpful for students of ICSE Class 10 2024 in several ways. Here are some of the benefits:

Understanding the Exam Pattern: Specimen papers are designed to mimic the actual exam papers, including the pattern of questions, number of questions, and marking scheme. Familiarity with Types of Questions: The specimen papers cover a range of questions, including objective, short answer, and long answer questions. With practise students will get familiar with the type of question appearing on the exam. Time Management: One of the biggest challenges that students face during exams is managing their time effectively. Help students to improve their time management skills by practising with timed papers and learning how to allocate their time effectively. Identifying Weak Areas: By practising with specimen papers, students can identify their weak areas and work on improving them. They can also get a sense of the topics that they need to focus on more during their revision. Boosting Confidence: Regular practice with specimen papers can help students to boost their confidence and reduce exam anxiety. The more they practise, the more comfortable they will feel with the exam format.

In summary, specimen papers are a valuable resource for students of ICSE Class 10 2023. By practising with these papers, students can get a better understanding of the exam pattern, types of questions, and marking scheme. They can also improve their time management skills, identify their weak areas, and boost their confidence ahead of the actual exam. ‍

Which essay is easy to write?

6 Different Types of Essays Every Student Should Know Essays are the most common papers students have to write. Almost every professor (except, perhaps, for STEM classes) assigned at least a couple of essays over the course of a semester. What complicates students’ job, though, is that there are different essay types, each with its own purpose, structure, and requirements.

Here are some of the most common ones.1 Expository essays Expository essays are the simplest, and they are often assigned to first-year students who are only learning how to write compelling texts. If you’re a struggling student wondering, ” ” for the first time, chances are, an expository essay is what you’re assigned.

Expository essays aren’t supposed to argue a position or convince the reader of anything. They simply describe something (a concept, event, or phenomenon) to introduce it to the audience. The only challenge of an expository essay is to make it opinion-free.

What are the main reasons for procrastination? What are the most competitive degrees in American colleges? Describe what happened during the battle of Gettysburg.

2 Narrative essays In contrast, a narrative essay tells a story. It’s a hybrid type of essay that falls somewhere in-between academic writing and fiction. While other essays are typically dry and emotionless, a narrative one can and should be moving, funny, and, most importantly, personal.

The author’s personality should shine through words. This isn’t a must, but in most cases, narrative essays call for first-person narration, meaning you have to use first-person pronouns (“I,” “my,” “me,” “we,” and so on). This makes perfect sense, seeing topics that students are assigned for narrative essays typically revolve around them.

Some of the standard topics for a narrative essay include:

Tell about the place from your childhood that mattered or still matters to you a lot. Describe the biggest challenge you’ve ever faced and how you’ve overcome it. Write about the most valuable gift you’ve ever received. Describe when and how that happened.

3 Argumentative essays Now, argumentative essays are one of the more difficult essay types to write. The author of an argumentative essay is supposed to argue in support of a certain idea or point of view. Its purpose is to persuade the reader that the author is right, which isn’t always easy.

At the same time, an argumentative essay should still sound academic and credible. So when writing one, you have to acknowledge your opponents’ positions and explain why they are wrong. This is what a lot of students struggle with. It’s challenging to find the right balance between persuasion and staying at least somewhat objective.

Here are a couple of topic examples for argumentative essays:

You might be interested:  Ind Vs Aus 3Rd Test 2023

Should schools ban unvaccinated children from attending classes? Why or why not? Should NATO close the sky over Ukraine in light of Russia’s invasion? Would it make sense for governments to tax airlines more to make flights more expensive and decrease the environmental harm they cause?

4 Descriptive essays Descriptive essays are less common in college writing classes. But some professors do assign them to let students practice their non-academic writing skills. A descriptive essay is all about sensory details. The reader should be able to imagine how what you’re describing looks, smells, and sounds like.

Most descriptive essays are about objects or places and the meanings they bear. For example, you can be assigned to talk about one of the artifacts discussed in your history class. Or your assignment can be about describing the most valuable material item you own (this is more common in writing and composition classes).

A few examples of common topics for descriptive essays include:

Describe the most spectacular museum you’ve ever been to. Talk about your favorite clothing item. Describe it in detail and tell how you got it. In your opinion, what does the most beautiful piece of jewelry in the world look like?

5 Compare and contrast essays Compare and contrast essays are the third most common essay type assigned to college students (alongside expository and argumentative essays). As the name suggests, a compare and contrast essay is supposed to discuss two or more objects (ideas, events, people, phenomena) and compare them to one another.

Discuss the comparative benefits of ebooks versus traditional books. Compare the advantages and problems of pharmacological versus non-pharmacological treatments of mental disorders. What are the comparative upsides and downsides of attending college in one’s home company versus abroad?

6 Cause and effect essays Finally, the main idea and structure of cause-and-effect essays are pretty self-evident. They discuss what happened, how it happened, what preceded it, and what followed it. For example, your history professor can ask you to talk about the causes and effects of the Great Depression.

How does parental divorce affect children’s psychological well-being? What is the impact of nationwide single-payer healthcare introduction on the access to and quality of care? How has the pandemic affected the gaming industry?

What are the four rules when collecting specimens?

Safety and Disposal Considerations in Specimen Collection – In all settings in which specimens are collected and prepared for testing, laboratory and health care personnel should follow current recommended sterile techniques, including precautions regarding the use of needles and other sterile equipment.

  • Treat all biological material as material that is potentially hazardous as well as contaminated specimen collection supplies.
  • For all those who are involved in specimen collection and preparation, the responsibility to adhere to current recommendations designed to maintain the safety of both patients and health care workers does not end when the patient is dismissed.

There are four steps involved in obtaining a good quality specimen for testing: (1) preparation of the patient, (2) collection of the specimen, (3) processing the specimen, and (4) storing and/or transporting the specimen. Since information related to any of these areas may change as clinical laboratory technology changes, please refer to the latest edition of the Labcorp Directory of Services and Interpretive Guide for current instructions.

You might be interested:  Ford Endeavour 2023 Price In India

What do you mean by herbarium?

Amy Wyatt is a Professional Training Year Intern from Cardiff University, find out more about Amy’s project this year A herbarium is a collection of preserved plant specimens that have been stored appropriately, databased and arranged systematically to ensure quick access to students, researchers and the general public for scientific research and education.

  1. The Welsh National Herbarium contains vascular plants, bryophytes (mosses and liverworts), lichens, fungi, and algae.
  2. In the vascular herbarium, specimens are arranged by plant family/genus, and stored alphabetically.
  3. Specimens are stored in tall cabinets within the herbarium which is kept cool at all times.

Each cabinet usually contains one taxonomic group of plants, for example members of the genus ‘ Rubus ‘ have their own cabinet/section within the herbarium. And within the ‘ Rubus ‘ cabinet, you will find individual species of Rubus ( Rubus occidentalis -black raspberry, Rubus aboriginum –garden dewberry), each with its own folder containing all specimens of that species.

Some specimens have been digitised and placed on an electronic system to make accessing records and ‘borrowing’ specimens to other institutions easier. Herbaria are essentially the ‘home’ of historical plant records, containing information that would otherwise be lost in time. It is the curator’s role to ensure that all specimens are kept contamination free, are stored according to the correct guidelines, and are all stored systematically.

The herbarium is checked regularly for infestations, and strict guidelines are put in place to ensure all specimens remain in pristine condition. Any loss or damage to specimens would be catastrophic because of the irreplaceable nature of collections.

Herbaria also contain type specimens, individual specimens that a n author based their description on when describing a new species, So, damage to these specimens has wide devastating impacts to not just museum collections, but science and taxonomy as a whole. Who benefits from herbaria? HISTORIANS: Specimens stored in the herbarium can give insights into the daily life of people in history.

Collections like the economic botanic collection contain plants and botanical items that were of important domestic, medicinal, cultural use to society in the past. This collection contains herbs, dyes, textiles and culturally important items that are kept demonstrate their importance to world culture through displays, museum visits and exhibitions! Historians can also use herbarium collections for project collaborations, for record of discoveries and for exploration.

  • BOTANISTS: The most obvious field that benefit from herbaria is botany; botanists are scientists that exclusively study and perform experiments on plants.
  • Some herbaria records span back hundreds of years, so this gives botanist a unique chance to look at how plant life has changed in this period of time.

There are many studies that can be performed on herbaria entries, and usually depends on the specialist skills of the researcher looking at them. Botanists can look at changes in stomatal density, how a plant species has changed over time, when invasive species were first documented in the herbarium, what plant species are abundant at a particular period of time, flowering times of plants, if there are any gaps in plant records, amongst a whole host of other information SCIENTISTS: It’s not exclusively botanists that benefit from herbaria, other branches of science can also use the collections in their research.

Biologists, conservationists and ecologists can benefit from the specimens found in herbarium and frequently use collections for ongoing research. Specimens provide a detailed account of plant life, and this information can be used to look at diversity and abundance of certain plant species, patterns of plant distribution, record of rare plant sightings (e.g.

here we have a very precious collection of ghost orchids, which were thought to be extinct until 2009 and have only been sighted a hand full of times since), environmental responses to changes in the climate or weather, to educate students, etc. Herbaria can also be an excellent source of collaboration between universitys and the Museum, providing networking potentials.

TEACHERS/PEOPLE IN EDUCATION: Herbaria and museums are a great source of outreach for education of the public. Collections like the economic botany collection provide historical context to important botanical items (e.g Indigo, cinnamon) that have part of our culture behind them. The herbarium also has active researchers working upon vascular plants, lower plants, and diatoms.

This work is often used to educate the public at events like museum exhibits, guided tours of the herbarium, conferences, and shows like the RHS flower show. What can be found in herbaria? Vascular plants – Vascular plants are essentially ‘higher plants’ and are composed of all individuals that have water conducting tissue in their ‘stems’; flowers, grasses, trees, ferns, herbs, succulents, etc.

  • Are all types of vascular plants.
  • These types of plants are usually stored on archival herbarium sheets, but the method of preparation and storage may depend on the contents of the specimen.
  • Plants that are easily pressed are mounted onto acid free herbaria sheets, with a descriptive label for each specimen.
You might be interested:  English Deleted Syllabus Class 10 2022 To 2023

These herbaria specimens must contain reproductive and vegetative organs, which are critical for species identification in plants. Any plant parts that can’t be easily pressed, e.g. tubers, bulbs, fleshy stems, large flowers, cones, fruits, etc are usually dried and placed in boxes or paper bags that are associated with other parts of the specimen.

  1. Bryophytes (mosses and liverworts) – Bryophytes include both liverworts and mosses are generally described as ‘lower plants’ and represent some of the oldest organisms on earth.
  2. Both groups grow closely packed together in matts on rocks, soil or trees.
  3. These types of plant don’t have regular water conducting tissue, so rely heavily on their environment to regulate their water levels.

Both mosses and liverworts are unsuitable for ‘pressing’ as key features used in identification would be damaged during the process. Instead, specimens are dried, decontaminated and placed in packets, boxes or paper bags to ensure their long-term storage.

Lichens – Lichens are unique in plant taxonomy because they are an organism composed of two separate organisms in a symbiotic relationship. A lichen is composed of a fungus, and either an algal cell or bacterial cell. The fungal portion of the organism extracts organic carbohydrates and nutrients from the environment, and the algal/bacterial portion of the organism undergoes photosynthesis to capture energy from the sun.

Because lichen are difficult to extract from their environment, commonly they are collected still attached to their substrate (rocks, bark, soil crusts) and stored in boxes. Fungi – fungi are filamentous, simple organisms that occupy almost every habitat on earth.

Fungi are not plants and belong in their own kingdom, as they contain no chlorophyll and extract organic nutrients directly from their environment. Surprisingly, most fungi are totally microscopic and invisible to the naked eye dwelling deep in the ground connected by a network of hyphae. It is only a small portion of macroscopic fungi that produce fruiting bodies we know as ‘mushrooms’.

Fungal bodies cannot be pressed, they must instead by dried thoroughly and stored in cases or boxes. Algae – Algae are a very diverse group of non-flowering aquatic organisms that contain chlorophyll, so can photosynthesise to produce energy for themselves.

  • Algae are very important to the earth, and it’s estimated that they produce 70-80% of the earths atmospheric oxygen.
  • The term ‘algae’ covers wide range of organism including sea weed, kelp, ‘pond scum’, algal blooms in lakes or pools, diatoms, etc.
  • These groups are not necessarily closely related and can exist in a huge range of different forms! Collecting and preserving algae can be done in two ways, storing them in liquid to preserve the specimen or dry preserving the specimen on herbarium paper or a microscope slide.

What method is best usually depends on the species being collected and its properties.

Arjun Patel