Specimen Paper For Icse 2023 Class 10

How to write an essay for ICSE?

How to write essays in the ICSE English exam ? The key to tackling the essay section in the ICSE paper is staying within the bounds already established. The absolute basics are – keep your grammar and spellings in order. Each error, however tiny, has a cascading effect not just in lowering the marks, but also creating a wrong impression in the mind of the examiner.

  • In a subjective area like essays, this is quite important.
  • What points should I keep in mind while attempting essays in the ICSE English exam ? Sticking close to the prescribed word limits is another important point.
  • While you are not expected to count the words you have written, you need to be over the minimum limit set.

Again, do not write more than necessary because you end up wasting precious minutes and more importantly, you expose yourself to more chances of spelling or grammatical errors. Remember, that this is not a creative or abstract or even a short story writing competition.

Ultimately, this is a test of your command of the English language and whether you can structure your thoughts on a random topic and express yourself coherently with no linguistic mistakes. The essays are expected to follow a typical pattern of an introduction paragraph where you set the context or premise of what you will describe in the next few paragraphs.

The body of the essay contains your thoughts and expressions about the topic or story. Finally, you close off the essay with a concluding section. What are the common essay topics for the ICSE English examination ? Now coming to the type of essays that you find in the Class 10 ICSE examination we see a distinctive pattern emerging.

  1. Over the years, the ICSE exams have had essay topics which can be broadly described as follows: Narrative essay: In these types of essay questions, you are expected to narrate an experience or an event.
  2. You can write from the perspective of an observer or you could put yourself in the shoes of a central character.

Again, the basics of writing coherently and sequentially are key. The examiners want to see how well you can stitch your thoughts together and express them in a few words within the time limit. As a tip, you may benefit from jotting down a few rough thoughts in the first few minutes, putting them in a coherent sequence and then begin writing the essay.

  • Imaginative essay: For imaginative themes and topics, the examiners want to see how you interpret the topic and where you can take it.
  • Remember that this is not a creative writing competition, but an English examination, meant to test your grasp of the language.
  • Eep the basics of grammar, spellings and the word and time limits in mind.

Argumentative essay: In argumentative essays, the aim is to provide your opinion based on facts and logic based on your life experiences. Your aim is to be convincing with the thoughts and opinions you will end up expressing. Descriptive essay: Like a narrative essay topic, you are expected to describe a scene or an event from a third person perspective or as a central character involved in the scene or event.

Once you select a topic like this on, spend a few minutes structuring your thoughts and then start off writing. Original short story: This is a common type of essay topic which you can choose to interpret as you like. The aim from the examiner’s perspective is to spark off a chain of creative thought and see how well you can express that in a written form.

Bear in mind the basics of time management and word limits in the examination setting. A lot of students find this form of essay writing very easy while a lot of other students see this as typically too abstract to attempt. Picture composition: A picture composition is defined by the bounds of the image in the exam paper and the how you interpret it.

  • You can try to do an objective narration of the situation shown in the picture and your thoughts around it.
  • You can also try and weave in the image as a part of a short story.
  • Unless you are comfortable attempting this form of essays, you might be better off attempting some more topics.
  • Each ICSE paper contains a bunch of essay topics together.

Always try and see if you are comfortable writing on at least one or two of the topics out of the total set. In rare cases where all the topics seem difficult or unrelatable, remember that you are being tested on your English language skill; writing out the number of words expected while keeping more or less to the theme of the topic and minimal linguistic errors on any one of the topics is good enough.

  • No spelling or grammar errors
  • Stay close to the word limit prescribed
  • Structure your thoughts and coherently express them (spend a few minutes on making rough notes initially if needed)
  • Stay within the theme of the topic

For really good practice papers where you can check sets of essay topics and identify how you want to approach them in an exam setting, try any of the following books (available on Amazon).

  1. Model Specimen Papers for English 1: ICSE Class 10 – Oswal publication
  2. ICSE Sectionwise Chapterwise English Language Paper 1 (Class X) – Arihant publishers

Click here to take you back to the main ICSE page.

What is meant by specimen paper?

Overview of Certificate in Climate and Investing specimen paper – The Certificate in Climate and Investing examination contain a large number of learning outcomes. The objective of the specimen paper is to provide guidance on the structure of the exam and the way in which questions are positioned and asked.

They should NOT be viewed as a primary source of learning. By its nature, a specimen paper will only cover proportion of the learning outcomes. Candidates are strongly advised to develop a fundamental understanding of the curriculum in order to demonstrate the competence required to pass the examination.

These examinations differ from any contained within the CFA UK Official Training Manual.

What are 4 different types of specimens?

Key Terms –

  • PCR : polymerase chain reaction
  • necropsy : The pathological dissection of a corpse; particularly to determine cause of death. Applicable to the examination of any life form.
  • biopsy : The removal and examination of a sample of tissue from a living body for diagnostic purposes.

Laboratory diagnosis of an infectious disease begins with the collection of a clinical specimen for examination or processing in the laboratory. The laboratory, with the help of well-chosen techniques and methods for rapid isolation and identification, confirms the diagnosis.

It has been observed that the most important and frequent factor affecting laboratory analysis, even in a well-functioning laboratory, is not the laboratory investigation itself but specimen preparation and errors in identification or labeling. Proper collection of an appropriate clinical specimen is, hence, the first step in obtaining an accurate laboratory diagnosis of an infectious disease.

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Applying one’s knowledge of microbiology and immunology for the collection, transportation and storage of specimens is as important as it is in the laboratory. For starters, the interpretation of the observation may be misleading if the specimen is inadequate.

  1. There are several types of specimens recommended for diagnosis of immunological diseases including: serum samples, virology swab samples, biopsy and necropsy tissue, cerebrospinal fluid, whole blood for PCR, and urine samples.
  2. Serum is the preferred specimen source for serologic testing.
  3. Blood specimens are obtained aseptically using approved venipuncture techniques by qualified personnel.

Specimens are allowed to clot at room temperature and then are centrifuged. Serum is transferred to tightly-closing plastic tubes and stored at 2 – 8°C before shipment–which should always be prompt. Acute serum should be collected at the onset of symptoms. Figure: Venipuncture : Performed to draw blood sample using a vacutainer Plasma is also collected for a very limited number of tests. Lipemic, hemolyzed, or contaminated sera may cause erroneous results and should be avoided as should repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

Another type of specimen used for disease diagnosis is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This should be transported in tightly-closing plastic tubes. Refrigerated CSF is acceptable for a limited number of serologic tests; however, if PCR is to be performed for the viral panels, the specimen must be frozen and shipped on dry ice.

CSF specimens should be clear of any visible contamination or blood. A lumbar puncture (or LP, and colloquially known as a spinal tap) is performed to collecte CSF. This consists of the insertion of a hollow needle beneath the arachnoid membrane of the spinal cord in the lumbar region to withdraw cerebrospinal fluid for diagnostic purposes or to administer medication.

Are the specimen papers harder?

Specimen papers are usually produced by the boards when a syllabus is quite new and there isn’t an archive of past papers. They should be equivalent in ‘hardness’ to a normal past paper.

What is the easiest essay to write?

6 Different Types of Essays Every Student Should Know Essays are the most common papers students have to write. Almost every professor (except, perhaps, for STEM classes) assigned at least a couple of essays over the course of a semester. What complicates students’ job, though, is that there are different essay types, each with its own purpose, structure, and requirements.

Here are some of the most common ones.1 Expository essays Expository essays are the simplest, and they are often assigned to first-year students who are only learning how to write compelling texts. If you’re a struggling student wondering, ” ” for the first time, chances are, an expository essay is what you’re assigned.

Expository essays aren’t supposed to argue a position or convince the reader of anything. They simply describe something (a concept, event, or phenomenon) to introduce it to the audience. The only challenge of an expository essay is to make it opinion-free.

What are the main reasons for procrastination? What are the most competitive degrees in American colleges? Describe what happened during the battle of Gettysburg.

2 Narrative essays In contrast, a narrative essay tells a story. It’s a hybrid type of essay that falls somewhere in-between academic writing and fiction. While other essays are typically dry and emotionless, a narrative one can and should be moving, funny, and, most importantly, personal.

  1. The author’s personality should shine through words.
  2. This isn’t a must, but in most cases, narrative essays call for first-person narration, meaning you have to use first-person pronouns (“I,” “my,” “me,” “we,” and so on).
  3. This makes perfect sense, seeing topics that students are assigned for narrative essays typically revolve around them.

Some of the standard topics for a narrative essay include:

Tell about the place from your childhood that mattered or still matters to you a lot. Describe the biggest challenge you’ve ever faced and how you’ve overcome it. Write about the most valuable gift you’ve ever received. Describe when and how that happened.

3 Argumentative essays Now, argumentative essays are one of the more difficult essay types to write. The author of an argumentative essay is supposed to argue in support of a certain idea or point of view. Its purpose is to persuade the reader that the author is right, which isn’t always easy.

At the same time, an argumentative essay should still sound academic and credible. So when writing one, you have to acknowledge your opponents’ positions and explain why they are wrong. This is what a lot of students struggle with. It’s challenging to find the right balance between persuasion and staying at least somewhat objective.

Here are a couple of topic examples for argumentative essays:

Should schools ban unvaccinated children from attending classes? Why or why not? Should NATO close the sky over Ukraine in light of Russia’s invasion? Would it make sense for governments to tax airlines more to make flights more expensive and decrease the environmental harm they cause?

4 Descriptive essays Descriptive essays are less common in college writing classes. But some professors do assign them to let students practice their non-academic writing skills. A descriptive essay is all about sensory details. The reader should be able to imagine how what you’re describing looks, smells, and sounds like.

Most descriptive essays are about objects or places and the meanings they bear. For example, you can be assigned to talk about one of the artifacts discussed in your history class. Or your assignment can be about describing the most valuable material item you own (this is more common in writing and composition classes).

A few examples of common topics for descriptive essays include:

Describe the most spectacular museum you’ve ever been to. Talk about your favorite clothing item. Describe it in detail and tell how you got it. In your opinion, what does the most beautiful piece of jewelry in the world look like?

5 Compare and contrast essays Compare and contrast essays are the third most common essay type assigned to college students (alongside expository and argumentative essays). As the name suggests, a compare and contrast essay is supposed to discuss two or more objects (ideas, events, people, phenomena) and compare them to one another.

Discuss the comparative benefits of ebooks versus traditional books. Compare the advantages and problems of pharmacological versus non-pharmacological treatments of mental disorders. What are the comparative upsides and downsides of attending college in one’s home company versus abroad?

6 Cause and effect essays Finally, the main idea and structure of cause-and-effect essays are pretty self-evident. They discuss what happened, how it happened, what preceded it, and what followed it. For example, your history professor can ask you to talk about the causes and effects of the Great Depression.

How does parental divorce affect children’s psychological well-being? What is the impact of nationwide single-payer healthcare introduction on the access to and quality of care? How has the pandemic affected the gaming industry?

Is 5 sentences enough for an essay?

In general, paragraphs should have 5-8 sentences. In this case, if you’re tasked with writing a five-paragraph essay, then you should want 25-40 sentences total. However, that’s not a hard and fast rule. After all, you can’t evaluate a good paragraph in words or sentences.

What are 4 main things an essay should include?

To achieve these ends, an essay must incorporate four elements: an appropriate tone, a clear thesis, a coherent structure, and ample, appropriate evidence.

How can I learn an essay fast?

Download Article Download Article Memorizing an essay is a great way to ace tests, rock presentations, and increase your overall knowledge. If you want to memorize an essay word for word, take things slowly by studying short parts one at a time. Memorization techniques such as visualization and physical cues can help you recall this information on demand.

  1. 1 Make a schedule. Plan out how long you have to memorize the essay. If you have more time, you can study a little each day for 20 or 30 minutes. If you only have a day or 2, you can memorize it in 30-minute chunks with a break of an hour or 2 in between.
  2. 2 Break the essay down into parts. Memorization is easiest when done in small chunks. Break the essay down into small sections. Depending on the length of the essay, each section might be a few sentences, one paragraph, or even one page. Advertisement
  3. 3 Memorize a little bit each day. Start early when you need to memorize something. Give yourself 1 day for every paragraph or page. Master 1 section each day. Once you have memorized 2 sections separately, try putting them together.
  4. 4 Read the essay out loud to start learning it. Reading the essay out loud is important because it forces you to read and speak every single word in the essay. This will help you remember it.
  5. 5 Test yourself after reading. After you have studied the text for a while, put it down, and recite as much as you can from memory. At first, you may not remember much, but every time you practice, you will recall more and more.
    • Use a partner to test you on what you’ve memorized. If you miss a word or forget a line, they can prompt you by telling you the next word or two.
    • You might also want to arrange to practice in front of an audience of a few people. This will help to add some pressure, which may be beneficial to you later.
  6. 6 Start from the end if going from the beginning is not working. If the essay is long, you may find it easier to start at the end. Begin by memorizing the last sentence or paragraph, then move back to the sentence or paragraph right before that 1.
  7. 7 Break up your study session to memorize quickly. If you only have a short time to learn the essay, you should study it in small doses with breaks in between each session. Use memory boosting techniques, such as visualization and walking back and forth, to help make your memorization more effective.
    • For example, you might study it for 15 minutes and take a 10-minute break before studying for another 15 minutes.
    • Try writing out the essay once or twice. This can improve your memory.
    • Avoid cramming the night before. Memorizing something in 1 session is not the most effective way to learn it. Repetition in small chunks will help more than cramming the essay all in 1 long session.
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  1. 1 Visualize parts of the essay. Associate different parts of the essay with images. You might imagine the essay coming to life as you recite it. When you need to recite the essay, recall the images to help you remember the words.
    • For example, the first part of the essay might be about tiger conservation, so you might visualize tigers as you go through this part. The second part may be about their habitat, so you might think about a jungle.
  2. 2 Use memory palace techniques. Imagine a room or building that represents your essay. For every main point, place a piece of furniture inside. Associate each piece of furniture with a point you have to remember.
    • For example, if the main parts of the essay are about family, cooperation, and communication, you might imagine a photograph (family), a table (cooperation), and a telephone (communication).
    • When you need to recall the essay, imagine yourself walking from the photograph to the table and then to the telephone in the proper order.
  3. 3 Link passages to physical movement. Gestures can help you memorize parts of the essay by associating words with movements. You might tap out a certain pattern when you start a paragraph, or gesture outwards to emphasize a particular word.
    • Pacing can help improve recall. Some people even find doing a simple dance to be useful as they try to memorize the essay.
  4. 4 Give yourself cues if you will present the essay. As you memorize the speech, give yourself a prompt or cue that can remind you which part goes where.
    • Practice hand gestures with your speech. Put certain gestures at specific spots in the essay.
    • If you are allowed to use flashcards, you might write the basic outline on a series of cards. Glance down at these as you go along.
    • You might ask a friend in the audience to give a signal if you are forgetting a line.
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  1. 1 Reduce it to an outline to remember the main points. Write an outline of the essay’s main ideas, concepts, and arguments. Make sure you only include the most important information, and organize it in the correct order. You might memorize the outline instead of the entire essay.
  2. 2 Make flash cards if you want to learn quotes. If you need to recall quotes from literary or academic essays, write the quotes on flash cards. Memorize the quotes 1 at a time. Make sure you also learn the author, year, and any other information that may be tested.
  3. 3 Draw the main ideas of the essay if you are a visual learner. Sketch out a flowchart or map of the main ideas of the essay. Put the thesis in the center of the chart, and draw lines out to its supporting ideas.
    • When you need to remember the essay, you can redraw the chart to help you remember all the different pieces you need to recall.
    • You can also draw images in your chart or sketch out the main events of the essay in comic form.
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Add New Question

  • Question How do I memorize an essay for defense or presentation? Expert654123 Community Answer First, write down the points. Understand what you are writing down. Devote some time for understanding the topic. The more you understand, the easier it will get for you to learn your essay.
  • Question How do I be confident that I know everything when memorizing an essay? Record yourself on your phone reciting your essay and play it back. Take note of any areas that you seem uncertain about, re-memorize those areas, and record yourself again until you’re comfortable that you come across confidently.
  • Question I learn the essay with no mistakes and I say it in front of my friends, but when I enter the stage to say it in front of everyone, I forget everything. What can I do? Imagine you are not on a stage. Imagine your eyes are closed and there’s no one in the room, or that you’re just practicing with your friends. Focus on what you have to say and don’t think about the audience.

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  • Sleep and a healthy diet can improve your memory overall.
  • If you need to present the essay, try practicing in front of family and friends.
  • Record yourself reading the essay out loud and listen to it repeatedly

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Cramming the essay the night before may not help you remember the entire essay. It is better to start early.

Advertisement Article Summary X Memorizing your essay can be a great way to nail your test without having to think about it on the day of. Try to learn small chunks, like a paragraph or a few sentences, at a time since they’ll be easier to remember. You can also try reading your essay out loud to remember it faster.

What makes a good essay?


FOCUS An essay should have a single clear central idea. Each paragraph should have a clear main point or topic sentence.
DEVELOPMENT Each paragraph should support or expand the central idea of the paper. The idea of each paragraph should be explained and illustrated through examples, details, and descriptions.
UNITY Every paragraph in an essay should be related to the main idea. Each paragraph should stick to its main point.
COHERENCE An essay or paper should be organized logically, flow smoothly, and “stick” together. In other words, everything in the writing should make sense to a reader.
CORRECTNESS A paper should be written in generally correct standard English, with complete sentences, and be relatively error-free.

One additional quality, not part of this list, but nevertheless, very important, is creativity. The best writing carries some of the personality and individuality of its author. Follow the above guidelines, but always work to make your writing uniquely your own.

Dr. Murray and Anna C. Rockowitz Writing Center website feedback: 7th Floor of the library in the Silverstein Student Success Center (212) 772-4212 | email us

What is the most common specimen?

What Are the Different Types of Laboratory Tests? – Clinical chemistry uses chemical processes to measure levels of chemical components in body fluids and tissues. The most common specimens used in clinical chemistry are blood and urine. Many different tests exist to detect and measure almost any type of chemical component in blood or urine.

What is an example of specimen?

/ˈspes·ə·mən/ something shown or examined as an example; a typical example: He has a collection of rare insect specimens. medical A specimen is a small amount of something, such as urine or blood, taken for testing.

What is a specimen sample?

A specimen is a sample of something, like a specimen of blood or body tissue that is taken for medical testing. The noun specimen comes from the Latin word specere, meaning ‘to look.’ Biologists collect specimens so they can get a better look at something to study it.

What are type specimens short notes?

NYBG.org: Type Definition Type Definition A type specimen is a specimen selected to serve as a reference point when a plant species is first named. As a result, these specimens are extremely important to botanists who are attempting to determine the correct application of a name.

Holotype : The single specimen designated as the type of a species by the original author at the time the species name and description was published. Isotype : A duplicate specimen of the holotype. Syntype : Any of two or more specimens listed in the original description of a taxon when a holotype was not designated. Isosyntype : A duplicate of a syntype. Paratype : A specimen not formally designated as a type but cited along with the type collection in the original description of a taxon.

Lectotype : A specimen chosen by a later researcher to serve as if it were the holotype. It is chosen from among the specimens available to the original publishing author (the isotypes, syntypes and/or paratypes) of a scientific name when the holotype was either lost or destroyed, or when no holotype was designated.

Neotype : A specimen chosen by a later researcher to serve in place of a holotype when all specimens available to the original publishing author of a scientific name have been lost or destroyed. Topotype : A specimen of a plant collected from the same locality as the holotype and usually on a different date.

A topotype has no formal standing. = locotype Cotype : A term formerly used for syntype and sometimes (erroneously) for isotype and paratype. This is an old term that was used loosely and is not used by today’s taxonomists. Generitype : The type specimen of a genus.

Why is type specimen important?

SI NMNH – Museum Collection Records: What are type specimens? Heteroconger hassi In taxonomy, the science of identifying, naming, and classifying species, the primary type specimen (or sometimes a series of specimens) serves as the scientific name-bearing representative for any animal or plant species.

A secondary type specimen is a specimen of the type series other than a primary type. A primary type is the objective standard of reference for the identification and naming of species. Type specimens are important to scientists that study the classification of organisms and to all studies of comparative biology.

: SI NMNH – Museum Collection Records: What are type specimens?

What is the scientific name for a specimen?

Designation of types – There are actually several classification of types. Here are the definitions of some common types:

Holotype: When a single specimen is clearly designated in the original description, this specimen is known as the holotype of that species. Isotype: Any duplicate specimen of the holotype. Lectotype: Designated as the type when no holotype was identified by the original author, or when the holotype is lost or destroyed. It is chosen from among the specimens available to the original publishing author. Syntype: Any of two or more specimens listed in the original description of a taxon when a holotype was not designated. Isosyntype: A duplicate of a syntype. Paratype: A specimen not formally designated as a type but cited along with the type collection in the original description of a taxon. Neotype: A specimen chosen by a later researcher to serve in place of a holotype when all specimens available to the original publishing author of a scientific name have been lost or destroyed. Topotype: A specimen of a plant collected from the same locality as the holotype and usually on a different date. A topotype has no formal standing. Cotype: A term formerly used for syntype and sometimes (erroneously) for isotype and paratype. This is an old term that was used loosely and is not used by today’s taxonomists.

What is the format of ICSE?

ICSE Pattern 2022-23 –

Groups Subjects
Group-I – 80% exam + 20% internal assessment History Civics Geography English Second Language
Group-II – 80% exam + 20% internal assessment Physics Chemistry Biology Mathematics Economics Modern foreign language Classical language Environmental Science
Group-III – 50% external exam + 50% internal exam Performing Arts Computer Applications Commercial Applications Economic Applications Arts Yoga Cookery Physical Education Fashion Designing Environmental Applications Technical Drawing Applications Home Science Modern foreign language

What is the format for essay?

A basic essay consists of three main parts: introduction, body, and conclusion. This basic essay format will help you to write and organize an essay. However, flexibility is important. While keeping this basic essay format in mind, let the topic and specific assignment guide the writing and organization.

How to write an essay in English class 10?

Format of Essay Writing – Now there is no rigid format of an essay. It is a creative process so it should not be confined within boundaries. However, there is a basic structure that is generally followed while writing essays. Introduction This is the first paragraph of your essay.

This is where the writer introduces his topic for the very first time. You can give a very brief synopsis of your essay in the introductory paragraph. Generally, it is not very long, about 4-6 lines. Body This is the main crux of your essays. The body is the meat of your essay sandwiched between the introduction and the conclusion.

So the most vital content of the essay will be here. This need not be confined to one paragraph. It can extend to two or more paragraphs according to the content. Conclusion This is the last paragraph of the essay. Sometimes a conclusion will just mirror the introductory paragraph but make sure the and syntax are different.

Arjun Patel